The main focus of the book is to present the effects of nanostructuring on superconducting critical parameters. Optimizing systematically flux and condensate confinement in various nanostructured superconductors, ranging from single nano-cells to their huge arrays, critical fields and currents can be increased up to their theoretical limits, thus drastically improving the potential for practical applications of nanostructured superconductors.
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Abrikosov vortex antidot lattice antivortex antivortices applied field behavior boundary conditions Bruynseraede calculated coherence length composite antidot corresponding critical current critical field cusps dashed lines dc-voltage disk domain walls dynamics energy experimental external field ferromagnetic field H flux lines flux pinning fluxoid function Ginzburg–Landau equation increasing integer interstitial vortices irreps Landau level Lett linear loop magnetic domains magnetic dots magnetic field matching effects matching fields Meissner effect mesoscopic MgB2 Moshchalkov nanostructured niobium normal nucleation observed order parameter oscillations paramagnetic phase boundary Phys pinning array pinning centers pinning potential pinning sites positions quantum qubit radius rectification regime reverse-domain ring sample Schematic shown in Fig shows simulations square lattice stray field structure supercon superconducting films supercurrent superfluid symmetry T/Tc Tc H Tc(H theoretical transition triangle triangular unit cell values voltage vortex configurations vortex density vortex lattice vortex patterns vortex-vortex interaction zero