Narrating Indigenous Modernities: Transcultural Dimensions in Contemporary Māori Literature
The Maori of New Zealand, a nation that quietly prides itself on its pioneering egalitarianism, have had to assert their indigenous rights against the demographic, institutional, and cultural dominance of Pakeha and other immigrant minorities OCo European, Asian, and Polynesian OCo in a postcolonial society characterized by neocolonial structures of barely acknowledged inequality. While Maori writing reverberates with this struggle, literary identity discourse goes beyond any fallacious dualism of white/brown, colonizer/colonized, or modern/traditional. In a rapidly altering context of globality, such essentialism fails to account for the diverse expressions of Maori identities negotiated across multiple categories of culture, ethnicity, class, and gender. Narrating Indigenous Modernities recognizes the need to place Maori literature within a broader framework that explores the complex relationship between indigenous culture, globalization, and modernity. This study introduces a transcultural methodology for the analysis of contemporary Maori fiction, where articulations of indigeneity acknowledge cross-cultural blending and the transgression of cultural boundaries. Thus, Narrating Indigenous Modernities charts the proposition that Maori writing has acquired a fresh, transcultural quality, giving voice to both new and recuperated forms of indigeneity, tribal community, and Maoritanga (Maoridom) that generate modern indigeneities which defy any essentialist homogenization of cultural difference. Maori literature becomes, at the same time, both witness to globalized processes of radical modernity and medium for the negotiation and articulation of such structural transformations in Maoritanga."
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Aotearoa New Zealand Arapeta articulations Auckland bicultural carving century character colonial concept construction contemporary Māori context cultural identity cultural practices digenous discourse diverse dominant English essentialist ethnic ethno-cultural European father framework gender global modernity Huia hybrid identification identitary indigenous indigenous culture indigenous identity indigenous modernities instance Jake Joshua Koro land language literary Maori Māori and Pākehā Māori authors Māori culture Māori Fiction Māori identity Māori language Māori literature Māori mythology Māori traditions Māori writing Māoridom marae Michael modern indigeneity multiple myth mythology narrative native negotiated Ngā Ngā Puhi Ngāti Nikki notion of indigeneity Once Were Warriors Pacific Pākehā Patricia Grace people-faces perspective political Polynesian minority postcolonial Potiki precolonial protagonist recent Māori Roimata Sam’s social reality society socio-economic tangata whenua Tangi tapu tion transcultural Treaty of Waitangi tribal tural Uncle’s Story Vivvie waka warrior whakapapa whānau Witi Ihimaera women