Nathan Birnbaum and Jewish Modernity: Architect of Zionism, Yiddishism, and Orthodoxy

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Stanford University Press, Jan 9, 2013 - History - 392 pages
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This book explores the life and thought of one of the most important but least known figures in early Zionism, Nathan Birnbaum. Now remembered mainly for his coinage of the word "Zionism," Birnbaum was a towering figure in early Jewish nationalism. Because of his unusual intellectual trajectory, however, he has been written out of Jewish history. In the middle of his life, in the depth of World War I, Birnbaum left his venerable position as a secular Jewish nationalist for religious Orthodoxy, an unheard of decision in his time. To the dismay of his former colleagues, he adopted a life of strict religiosity and was embraced as a leader in the young, growing world of Orthodox political activism in the interwar period, one of the most successful and powerful movements in interwar central and eastern Europe.

Jess Olson brings to light documents from one of the most complete archives of Jewish nationalism, the Nathan and Solomon Birnbaum Family Archives, including materials previously unknown in the study of Zionism, Yiddish-based Jewish nationalism, and the history of Orthodoxy. This book is an important meditation on the complexities of Jewish political and intellectual life in the most tumultuous period of European Jewish history, especially of the interplay of national, political, and religious identity in the life of one of its most fascinating figures.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Nathan Birnbaum and Early Viennese Jewish Nationalism 188290
17
Birnbaums New Nationalist Course and the Arrival of Herzl
67
The Jewish Renaissance Movement and the Ahad Haam Affair
118
The 1907 Elections and the Yiddish Language Conference
154
World War I and the Turn to Religion
209
Birnbaum the Agudath Israel and Orthodox Jewish Politics
255
Der Aufstieg Der Ruf and Roads Not Taken in Interwar Orthodoxy
294
Another Teshuvah
313
Notes
323
Bibliography
363
Index
375
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About the author (2013)

Jess Olson is Assistant Professor of Jewish History and Associate Director of the Center for Israel Studies at Yeshiva University in New York.

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