National Diversity in Organisations: A study about integration between host and international students
Diploma Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 7.5 from 10, Maastricht University (Organisation and Strategy), 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This thesis focused on international students (Germany, Belgium, Cuba, USA, Ecuador and the Bermudas) residing in the Netherlands for the period of their studies and Dutch host students studying at the faculty of Economics and Business Administration University Maastricht, the Netherlands. The aim of this study was to examine whether the relationship between international students (n=10) and host students (n=5) is concordant (consensual) or discordant (conflictual or problematic). The acculturation orientations of both groups have been assessed using Berry’s (1992, 1997) four acculturation strategies as there are: integration, assimilation, separation and marginalisation. Bourhis ́ et al. (1997) Interactive Acculturation Model has been applied to explore the relational outcomes between the groups. In this study it was shown that integration is the strategy most preferred by host students. However, international students reflect separation (n=5), integration (n=3) and a mixture of integration and assimilation features (n=2). Accordingly, the acculturation profiles of host and nationally diverse students are concordant (consensual) between host- (n=5) and international students (n=5) and discordant (conflictual or problematic) between host- (n=5) and international students (n=5). The findings suggest that Dutch language skills, a Dutch partner, multinational living arrangements and interest in- and openness towards the Dutch society enhance integration and assimilation orientations. On the contrary, the geographical closeness to the home country, a close relationship to family and friends from the home city, the multilingual skills of the Dutch society, a high percentage of friends with the same nationality and linguistic background support separation orientations among international students. In addition, the large (numerical) size and homogeneity (in terms of nationality and language) of the group of German students represented at the faculty influence the acculturation orientations of international students and enhance separation orientations.
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acculturation attitudes acculturation behaviour acculturation expectations Acculturation Model IAM acculturation orientations Anomie assessed Assimilation Berry’s bidimensional model Bourhis Conflictual Conflictual Conflictual context cultural differences cultural maintenance Dutch culture Dutch language skills Dutch social Dutch society Dutch students Ecuador five German students foreign group foreign students four acculturation strategies German group German students interviewed group of German group of international group of students home country host community host culture host society host students immigrants in-group bias in-group favouritism individual’s individuals Interactive Acculturation Model intercultural intergroup behaviour international student populations learn Dutch majority minority group multiculturalism nationally diverse groups nationally diverse students native group Netherlands non-native students one’s out-group perceived qualitative research relational outcomes relative fit result Schmitt separation social activities social categorisation social comparison social comparison theory social discrimination social groups social identity Social Psychology social stereotypes speak Dutch Spencer-Rodgers stereotypes student from Cuba Tajfel University environment Vijver