National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis

Front Cover
Richard R. Nelson
Oxford University Press, Jun 3, 1993 - 560 pages
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The slowdown of growth in Western industrialized nations in the last twenty years, along with the rise of Japan as a major economic and technological power (and enhanced technical sophistication of Taiwan, Korea, and other NICs) has led to what the authors believe to be a "techno-nationalism." This combines a strong belief that technological capabilities of a nation;s firms are a key source of their competitive process, with a belief that these capabilities are in a sense national, and can be built by national action. This book is about these national systems of technical innovation. The heart of the work contains studies of seventeen countries--from large market-oriented industrialized ones to several smaller high income ones, including a number of newly industrialized states as well. Clearly written, this work highlights institutions and mechanisms which support technical innovation, showing similarities, differences, and their sources across nations, making this work accessible to students as well as the scholars of innovation.
 

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National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis
Авторы: Richard R. Nelson
Edition: illustrated
Опубликовано издательством Oxford University Press US, 1993
ISBN 0195076176, 9780195076172
Всего страниц: 541
The slowdown of growth in Western industrialized nations in the last twenty years, along with the rise of Japan as a major economic and technological power (and enhanced technical sophistication of Taiwan, Korea, and other NICs) has led to what the authors believe to be a "techno-nationalism." This combines a strong belief that technological capabilities of a nation's firms are a key source of their competitive process, with a belief that these capabilities are in a sense national, and can be built by national action. This book is about these national systems of technical innovation. The heart of the work contains studies of seventeen countries--from large market-oriented industrialized ones to several smaller high income ones, including a number of newly industrialized states as well. Clearly written, this work highlights institutions and mechanisms which support technical innovation, showing similarities, differences, and their sources across nations, making this work accessible to students as well as the scholars of innovation.
 

Contents

Smaller HighIncome Countries
261
Lower Income Countries
353
National Innovation Systems
503

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Page 35 - Aeronautics (NACA), founded in 1915 to "investigate the scientific problems involved in flight and to give advice to the military air services and other aviation services of the government
Page 4 - the processes by which firms master and get into practice product designs and manufacturing processes that are new to them, whether or not they are new to the universe, or even to the nation.
Page 5 - systems' concept is that of a set of institutional actors that, together, play the major role in influencing innovative performance. The broad concept of innovation that we have adopted has forced us to consider much more than simply the actors doing research and development. Indeed, a problem with the broader definition of innovation is that it provides no sharp guide to just what should be included in the innovation system, and what can be left out.
Page 40 - In 1940, the bulk of federal R&D went to support research performed within the public sector - by federal civil servants, as in the National Bureau of Standards, the Department of Agriculture, and the Public Health Service, or by state institutions financed by federal grants, as in the agricultural experiment stations. In the postwar period, by contrast, most federal R&D funds have supported the performance of research by nongovernmental organizations. Moreover, the dramatic growth in federal funding...

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