Native American species of Prunus

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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1915 - Prunus - 75 pages

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Page 29 - ... and black. The bark of birch is used by the Indians for bruised wounds and cuts, — boyled very tender, and stampt betwixt two stones to a plaister, and the decoction thereof poured into the wound ; and also to fetch the fire out of burns and...
Page 24 - This specimen is preserved in the Herbarium of Columbia University, at the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx Park, New York City.
Page 4 - Our way from hence lay through an old Indian field of excellent soil where there had been a town, the principal footsteps of which are peach trees, plumbs, and excellent grapes.
Page 3 - Indians, euery one loaden with a basket ful of mulberries; for there be many, and those -very good, from Cutifa-chiqui thither and so forward in other Prouinces, and also nuts and plummes.
Page 4 - Governor from the cacique of Guachoya, and said, that his lord would come the next day. The next day they saw many canoes come up the river, and on the other side of the great river...
Page 5 - On my left hand, upon the grassy bases of the rising hills, appeared the remains of a town of the ancients, as the tumuli, terraces, posts or pillars, old Peach and Plumb orchards, &c. sufficiently testify. These vales and swelling bases of the surrounding hills, afford vast crops of excellent grass and herbage fit for pasturage and hay; of the latter, Plantago Virginica, Sanguisorba, Geum, Fragaria, &c. The Panax quinquefolium, or...
Page 3 - ... whose office it is to quarter out and lodge men, did lodge all the companie round about within a league and halfe a league of it. There were other townes, where was great store of maiz, pompions, french beanes, and plummes of the countrie, which are better then those of Spaine, and they grow in the fields without planting.
Page 5 - ... these trees were cultivated by the ancients, on account of their fruit, as being wholesome and nourishing food. Though these are natives of the forest*, yet they thrive better, and are more fruitful, in cultivated plantations, and the fruit is in great estimation with the present generation of Indians, particularly juglans exaltata, commonly called shell-barked hiccory.
Page 72 - It was originally described from "near the mouth of the Columbia, and on subalpine hills, near the source of that river, Douglas; Fort Vancouver, Dr. Scouler.
Page 5 - ... cane swamps, and frequently old Indian settlements, now deserted and overgrown with forests. These are always on or near the banks of rivers, or great swamps, the artificial mounts and terraces elevating them above the surrounding groves. I observed, in the ancient cultivated fields, 1. diospyros, 2. gleditsia triacanthos, 3. prunus chicasaw, 4. callicarpa, 5. morus rubra, 6. juglans exaltata, 7. juglans nigra, which inform us, that these trees were cultivated by the ancients, on account of their...

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