Natural Causes: Essays in Ecological Marxism

Front Cover
James R. O'Connor
Guilford Press, Jan 1, 1998 - Science - 350 pages
Economic growth since the Industrial Revolution has been achieved at great cost both to the natural environment and to the autonomy of human communities. What can a Marxist perspective contribute to understanding this disturbing legacy, and mitigating its impact on future generations? Renowned social theorist James O'Connor shows how the policies and imperatives of business and government influence - and are influenced by - environmental and social change. Probing the relationship between economy, nature, and society, O'Connor argues that environmental and social crises pose a growing threat to capitalism itself. These illuminating essays and case studies demonstrate the power of ecological Marxist analysis for understanding our diverse environmental and social history, for grounding economic behavior in the real world, and for formulating and evaluating new political strategies.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
HISTORY AND NATURE
19
Culture Nature and the Materialist
29
What Is Environmental History?
48
Three Ways to Look at the Ecological History
71
The Nature of Construction and the Construction of
94
Chicago and Los Angeles
109
CAPITALISM AND NATURE
121
Technology and Ecology
200
British Rule in Shetland
227
Is Sustainable Capitalism Possible?
234
SOCIALISM AND NATURE
255
Socialism and Ecology
267
A Red Green Politics in the United States?
280
Flatland Politics
295
Think Globally Act Locally?
299

Some Observations on Ecological Crisis
135
The Conditions of Production
144
The Second Contradiction of Capitalism
158
On Capitalist Accumulation and Economic
178
Uneven and Combined Development
187
Ecology Movements and the State
306
The New Global Economy and One Alternative
311
What Is Ecological Socialism?
324
Index
341
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About the author (1998)

James O'Connor, PhD, is co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of Capitalism, Nature, Socialism: A Journal of Socialist Ecology, and Director of the Center for Political Ecology in Santa Cruz, California. He is retired from teaching sociology, economics, and environmental studies at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

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