Natural History Essays

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General Books LLC, 2009 - Nature - 114 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1904. Excerpt: ... THE TRUE QUAGGA. "Alas! in the colony of the Cape of Storms, how have the wild sports dwindled from their former prosperity Before the strides of civilization, together with the rugged aborigines, have receded also the scarcely more savage quadrupeds; and saving certain diminutive antelopes, which will hereafter be noticed as frequenting the sea coast, the springbok now affords the only four-footed game that occurs in any abundance."--Sir W. Cornwallis Harris (1846). We have already seen, when considering the white rhinoceros, how the advance of civilization in South Africa resulted in a terrible diminution of the numbers of the indigenous game animals: the eloquent lament of Sir Cornwallis Harris but foreshadowed a greater devastation, which has continued almost to the present day. Happily at last there are indications that this waste of life is being checked. In 1899 an International Conference for the preservation of the African game animals was held in London, and delegates representing the various Powers now colonising Africa met to discuss the best methods of procedure: the regulations then drawn up have been published, and may be studied by consulting the Parliamentary papers for 1899. The British Government has declared considerable areas of land in various parts of the continent to be game reserves, and the animals which inhabit these sanctuaries receive either partial or total protection. Thus the whole of the Soudan lying south of the Sobat and Bahr-el-Ghazal Rivers, together with the greater part of Darfur and Kordofan, has been declared closed for the present--a vast area of some 400,000 square miles being set aside for the benefit of the game. In Uganda the Sugota reserve has been for several years an accomplished fact; in British East Afric...

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