Natural Law and Practical Rationality
Natural law theory has been undergoing a revival, especially in political philosophy and jurisprudence. Yet, most fundamentally, natural law theory is not a political theory, but a moral theory, or more accurately a theory of practical rationality. According to the natural law account of practical rationality, the basic reasons for actions are basic goods that are grounded in the nature of human beings. Practical rationality aims to identify and characterize reasons for action and to explain how choice between actions worth performing can be appropriately governed by rational standards. These standards are justified by reference to features of the human goods that are the fundamental reasons for action. This book is a defence of a contemporary natural law theory of practical rationality, demonstrating its inherent plausibility and engaging systematically with rival egoist, consequentialist, Kantian and virtue accounts.
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account of well-being affairs affirm agent agent-neutral reasons agent-relative reasons agent's well-being appeal argument Aristotle aspects of flourishing aspects of well-being baseball choice claim conception consequentialist defended DF theorist DF theory distinct egoism excellence in agency explain fact false belief Finnis Finnis's fundamental practical fundamental reasons grasp hold human flourishing human nature implies inclinationist incommensurability inner peace instances of basic instrumental destruction intelligible internalist intrinsic Kantian knowledge moral absolutes motivated natural law theory natural law view nature of well-being Nicomachean Ethics normative notion objectivism objects one's ought-judgments participation particular Pauline principle plan of action plausible practical judgment practical rationality practical reasonableness principles of practical pursued real identity thesis reason to promote reasons for action relevant sake second-order desires seems Simple DF sort subjectivism subjectivist theories substantive Suppose teleology theoretical reason theory of practical theory of well-being tion touch brown boxes unreasonable virtue virtue ethics welfare welfarist