Natural Disasters

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 30, 1993 - Science - 632 pages
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Here is a comprehensive overview of the geophysical, technological, and social aspects of natural disasters. This book systematically reviews the agents of natural catastrophes - earthquakes, volcanoes, floods, drought, hurricanes, erosion, fires, etc. - in terms of their geophysical processes and effects. The human impact and response is examined from various perspectives, including damage and the urban environment, the logistics of planning and emergency action, medical emergencies and the epidemiology of disasters, the Third World, and socio-economic consequences. The author's unique interdisciplinary perspective helps the reader to achieve a clear perspective on natural disasters and possible strategies against them.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Definitions and basic concepts
4
Misconceptions about natural disaster
16
Time and space in disaster
20
Formulating intensity measures
26
References
36
Select bibliography
39
The Geophysical Agents
41
Dam disasters
356
References
368
Select bibliography
372
The logistics of planning and emergency action
374
Remote sensing and disasters
383
Models of disaster and their practical uses
392
Disaster warning
400
Planning for disasters
406

Earthquakes and volcanoes
42
Predicting earthquakes
57
The human impact of seismic hazards
72
The lessons of recent events
74
Tsunamis
80
Volcanic eruptions
90
References
112
Select bibliography
116
Atmospheric and hydrological hazards
120
Drought
144
Hurricanes
154
Tornadoes
170
Lightning
183
Hailstorms
184
Avalanches
185
Glacier hazards
200
Snow as a hazard to the urban system
201
Frost hazards
206
References
208
Select bibliography
213
Disasters and the land surface
217
Desertification
235
Landslides
242
Seismically generated landslides
266
Subsidence
276
Soil hazards
286
Coastal erosion
287
Forest and range fires
296
References
305
Select bibliography
310
The human impact and response
315
Damage and the built environment
316
Costing and surveying damage
327
Buildings structures and public safety
333
Hazards and the urban environment
340
Highrise buildings in disaster
350
Disasters and the mass media
416
Emergency management
418
Emergency shelter
432
Recovery and reconstruction after disaster
444
References
451
Select bibliography
457
Medical emergencies
461
Death and injury
464
Disease rates
482
References
490
Select bibliography
492
The Third World
495
Famine and starvation
503
Refugees
516
The impact of floods upon developing countries
523
The case of Bangladesh
532
References
549
Select bibliography
552
Disasters and socioeconomic systems
554
Disaster psychology
560
Perception of natural hazards and disasters
570
Risk assessment and management
574
Problems of rational hazard management
579
The economics of disaster
582
An historical perspective
593
References
602
Select bibliography
607
Conclusion
611
Towards an international strategy against disasters
612
National policy and disasters
613
The International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
616
References
618
Select bibliography
619
Index
621
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About the author (1993)

David Alexander is in the Department of Geology and Geography at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst

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