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3d Dist abundant alluvion appears atrypa birdseye Black river calcareous canal carbonate of lime Catskill group cavities Cayuga county Cayuga lake character Chenango Chenango canal Cherry-Valley Clinton group coal color conglomerate contains covered creek delthyris deposit division east end excavation exists exposed extending falls feet thick forms Fort-Plain fossils Frankfort slate fucoids grey sandstone gypseous gypsum Hamilton group Herkimer county hill hundred feet inches iron kind latter Lewis county Little-Falls localities lower Madison county marl mass miles mineral Mohawk New-York system numerous Oneida county Oneida creek Onondaga limestone Onondaga salt group Oriskany sandstone orthis Oswego Oswego county pentamerus portion primary rock quarry red shale rise road sand sandstone seen shale showing soil south side specimens Springport stone strophomena surface thin layers third district town Trenton limestone Tully limestone uplift upper Utica Utica slate valley village Water-lime group West Canada creek west side whole wood-cut
Page 86 - Clinton was given to the lower part, the characteristic masses being found around the village of Clinton in Oneida county, and as a tribute to one who spared no effort to extend a knowledge of science, and to add to its acquisitions. The group consists of green and black-blue shale, greenish and grey sandstone, red sandstone
Page 49 - fine-grained limestone in thin layers, separated by black shale or slate, and which forms the great mass through which the creek has worn its channel, and in which are all the falls ; the second is a grey coarse-grained limestone in thick layers, which forms the top of the mass. Fossils are extremely numerous in the
Page 116 - limestone, from which all the waterlime in the district south of the Erie canal, with one exception, is manufactured. It consists generally of dark blue limestone, and usually of two layers of drab or water-limestone ; the two always separated by an intervening mass of blue.
Page 101 - There are no well defined lines of division between the deposits; but for practical purposes, the divisions are sufficiently obvious. The first or lowest deposit is the red shale, showing green spots at the upper part of the mass
Page 101 - 4th and lastly, Those rocks which show groups of needle-form cavities placed side by side, caused by the crystallization of sulphate of magnesia, and which may from that circumstance be called the magnesian deposit,
Page 101 - 3d, The gypseous deposit, which embraces the great masses quarried for plaster, consisting of two ranges, between which are the hopper-shaped cavities, the vermicular limerock of Eaton, and other porous rocks
Page 3 - of the counties of Montgomery, Fulton, Otsego, Herkimer, Oneida, Lewis, Oswego, Madison, Onondaga, Cayuga, Cortland, Chenango, Broome, Tioga, and the eastern half of Tompkins,
Page 103 - Thus we have at the top of the series, green; then red under it; green; red; bluish ; green and yellow, this latter by exposure to the air; then