Nature and Policy in Iceland, 1400-1800: An Anthropological Analysis of History and Mentality
The Icelandic Free State which flourished from 930 to the middle of the thirteenth century gave rise to a sophisticated political system and had a rich literary culture. However, by 1400 the structure of this society had begun to crumble. The following period, from 1400 to 1800, has been largely overlooked by scholars. In this book Kirsten Hastrup offers an analysis of Icelandic society during a period of remarkable social disintegration and technological decline. She approachesthe subject from a variety of angles, juxtaposing the economic, social, and political orders with concepts of humanity, fate, and nature, and providing the reader with a comprehensive picture of Icelandic society in the period. Her analysis shows how the dissolution of the ancient order must be attributed to internal factors of culture and mentality, as well as to the external ones of natural catastrophe and commercial exploitation. She ends the book with a valuable discussion of the nature of causation in history.
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A State with Transformations
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Althing animals anthropology Arngrimur became bishop Bjarni Bjorn Larusson Black Death bondi causality centre Christian law Church concept context Copenhagen Danish decree defined economic Eggert Olafsson 1772 eighteenth century environment Espolin European external farming fifteenth fishing foreign Freestate fylgja fylgjur galdur Gisli Grdgds hamingja Hastrup hidden history of Iceland housecarls household human ibid Icelandic culture Icelandic history Icelandic society idea important incest internal island Jakob Benediktsson Jochumssen Jon lardi Jonas Jonasson Jonsbok Jonsson kind king labour land landic landowners literary lived Loftur Guttormsson magic Magnusson marriage medieval merchants Middle Ages nature Nordic countries Norway notion odal Oddur Einarsson Olafur Old Norse particular period popular population priests referred Reformation relations relationship rimur rules saeters sagas scaldic poetry semantic seventeenth century sexual sixteenth century social reproduction space standard storidomur structure tenants tion trade tradition trolls Uchronia utilegumenn wild witch witchcraft