Nature ethics: an ecofeminist perspective
In this work, the author explores the underlying worldview of nature ethics, offering an alternative ecofeminist perspective. She focuses on four prominent representatives of holist philosophy: two early conservationists (Theodore Roosevelt and Aldo Leopold) and two contemporary philosophers (Holmes Rolston III, and transpersonal ecologist Warwick Fox). She argues that in directing their moral allegiance to abstract constructs (e.g. species, the ecosystem, or the transpersonal Self ) these influential nature theorists represent a masculinist orientation that devalues concern for individual animals. Seeking to heal the divisions among the seemingly disparate movements and philosophies of feminism, animal advocacy, environmental ethics, and holistic health, she proposes an ecofeminist philosophy that underscores the importance of empathy and care for individual beings as well as larger wholes.
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Born Again Man
Thinking Like a Mountain or Thinking Like a Man?
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abstract According Aldo Leopold American Animal Rights argues Arne Naess Baird Callicott Beauvoir boys Carol Gilligan Chodorow concept conservation conservationists contrast critique cultural deep ecology differences dominance Duties and Values Earth ecofeminism Ecofeminist Philosophy ecologists ecosystem empathy emphasis Environmental Ethics Essays evolutionary experience expression feelings Feminism Feminist Flader focus gender holist Holmes Rolston Holmes Rolston III human hunters idea ideal identification importance individual Kheel killing Land Ethic larger living male manhood manliness Marti Kheel masculine identity masculinist maturity meat eating men's metaphors moral mother movement narrative natural world nature ethics notion orientation other-than-human animals perspective Politics predators psychological rational realm role Roosevelt Routledge sacrifice Salleh Sand County Almanac Self-realization sexual social species spiritual sport hunting story suggests term theorists theory tion trans transcendence Transpersonal Ecology ture University Press Val Plumwood veganism vegetarianism violence Warren Warwick Fox wilderness wildlife Witoszek worldview York