Necessity and National Emergency Clauses: Sovereignty in Modern Treaty Interpretation
States invoke economic crises and security threats to justify treaty non-compliance. The most dramatic recent examples of this phenomenon include necessity defences in international investment law; emergency derogations in international human rights treaties; exceptions for non-conforming measures in international trade law; and doctrinal misapplications of necessity in jus ad bellum and jus in bello. "Necessity and National Emergency Clauses" is the first to trace the doctrine s genealogy from medieval Christian and Islamic religious history to post-Westphalian practices, the International Law Commission s codifications, and modern treaty formulations. Recognizing the doctrine s thematic linkage with the State s sovereign right to delimit international obligation, the volume proposes analytical criteria to assess the lawfulness and legitimacy of interpretations of necessity and national emergency clauses within specialized treaty regimes. This volume is intended for law students, legal scholars, arbitrators, international judges, and other international law practitioners interested in deriving interpretive solutions to treaty controversies on the doctrine of necessity. Diane Desierto was awarded the 2010-2011 Ambrose Gherini Prize, the highest prize awarded in the field of International Law by Yale Law School, for her JSD dissertation, upon which this book is based.
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Necessity and Treaty Obligations
Chapter Two The Doctrine of Necessity in Municipal and International Legal Orders
A Conceptual Descriptive
Necessity Clauses in International Investment Law and International Trade Law
Chapter Six States of Emergency in International Human Rights Treaties
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