Negotiating the Kyoto Protocol: An Analysis of Negotiation Dynamics in International Negotiations
Climate change has become an important policy area, one which has been gaining momentum since the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted by 159 nations after a tenacious final marathon of negotiations, during which all unresolved issues were hammered out one by one. The commitments that were finally agreed upon exceeded the original expectations. Despite its shortcomings, the Kyoto Protocol is a constructive compromise worthy of commendation, and is therefore a remarkable diplomatic achievement. The aim of this book is not only to present an introduction to the historical, legal and political foundations of the Kyoto Protocol, but also to offer a thorough analysis of the negotiation process at the Kyoto Conference. It investigates the positions, interests and strategies of three crucial players, the EU, US and Japan, on the issue of climate change and examines how these influenced the outcome of the negotiations. Furthermore, it examines the impact of other factors on the final result. This book thus presents a unique case study of an international negotiation process, negotiation strategies and conference dynamics. It is an indispensable guide for political scientists, policy makers, negotiators and all those interested in negotiation processes and the politics of climate change.
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achieve adopted adverse effects amendment Annex I parties anthropogenic anthropogenic emissions Article 4.2 assigned amounts Berlin Mandate Bonn cent clean development mechanism climate change issue climate change policy CO2 emissions commitment period Conference Convention on Climate COP/MOP COP3 Daily Yomiuri decisions Depositary developing country Parties differentiation Earth Negotiations Bulletin economic integration organization emission reductions emissions trading enter into force Environment European Community European Union FCCC Fermann fossil fuel Framework Convention Furthermore gases not controlled Geneva Global Climate Global Warming greenhouse gases Grubb impacts included in Annex industrial industrialised countries IPCC Japan joint implementation Klimapolitik Kyoto Protocol levels Montreal Protocol multilateral paragraph Parties included Parties serving policies and measures Politics of Climate position Programme proposal reduction target removals by sinks response scientific secretariat sectors sources and removals stabilisation strategies Subsidiary Body taking into account targets and timetables technologies UNFCCC United Nations World Climate Conference Yamin