Neoliberalism Revisited: Economic Restructuring and Mexico's Political Future
Westview Press, 1996 - History - 278 pages
Having unilaterally opened its borders to international competition and foreign investment in the mid-1980s, Mexico has become one of the world’s leading proponents of economic liberalization. Nevertheless, as the recent uprising of native peoples in Chiapas has made clear, economic reforms are not universally welcomed.This book addresses the challenges brought about by the restructuring of the Mexican economy at a time when multiple organizations of civil society are demanding a democratic political transition in a system that has been dominated by one party for nearly seventy years. The contributors identify the key social and political actors—both domestic and international—involved in promoting or resisting the new economic model and examine the role of the state in the restructuring process. They explore such questions as: In what ways is the state itself being reconstituted to accommodate the demand for change? How have Canada and the United States responded to the increased internationalization of their economies? What are the challenges and prospects for transnational grassroots networks and labor solidarity?Answers are provided by scholars from anthropology, economics, history, political science, and sociology, all of whom promote interdisciplinary approaches to the issues. Each chapter traces the structural transformations within the central social relationships in Mexican society during the last decade or so and anticipates future consequences of today’s changes.
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AAGR agrarian agricultural Asian authoritarian billion campesino capital Chiapas civil society CONAMUP Confederation COPARMEX corporatism corporatist countries democracy democratic domestic East Asian NICs economic restructuring ejidal ejidatarios ejidos elections electoral elite enterprises EPZs exports EZLN federal foreign investment Free Trade GATT Gereffi global groups growth hectares important increased indigenous industrial initiatives institutions integration issues Jornada La Jornada labor internationalism land Latin American liberalization macroeconomic maize major manufacturing maquiladora ment Mexican Revolution Mexico City modernization NAFTA negotiations Neil Harvey neoliberal nomic North American official organizations participation party peasant Pemex percent peso petroleum political system President private sector production promote PRONASOL reform regime result role rural SARH scenario social movements Solidarity South Korea strategy structural tariff tion TNCs transition transnational U.S.-Mexican Studies union United wage women Women's Regional Council workers Zapatista
Page 3 - States also works through international institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
Page 38 - Round of trade negotiations, stated that 'following an examination of the operation of GATT Articles related to the trade-restrictive and distorting effects of investment measures, negotiations should elaborate, as appropriate, further provisions that may be necessary to avoid such adverse effects on...
Page 200 - Yet, although Xi'Nich was able to gain promises of solutions from federal agencies, by the end of 1992 several of the demands had not been met. The state's Penal Code was not reformed; no police officers were ever brought to trial for alleged human rights abuses; and municipal presidents continued to impose agentes municipales. There were still thirty arrest orders out against CDLI members and new public works had not begun.
Page 89 - As stated earlier, the available data suggest that the economic performance of the outward-oriented economies has been broadly superior to that of the inward-oriented economies in almost all respects.
Page 200 - Their protest was to draw attention to the corruption of municipal presidents, the imposition of village authorities (agentes municipales) , the failure of the government to carry out promised public works, the lack of solution to the rezago agrario, and their opposition to the reforms to Article 27. Over 100 were arrested, and several people were beaten and tortured.
Page 197 - June 1990 six people were injured when private gunmen shot at a crowd of over one hundred cane producers who were demanding full payment for cane delivered to the Pujiltic sugar mill. In July of the same year women from the highland settlement of San Felipe Ecatepec staged a hunger strike in Mexico City's Zocalo to demand a hearing with the President. They protested the repression of their organization, the Coordinadora Nacional de Pueblos Indigenas (CNPI) at the hands of the state government.
Page 201 - Lacandon forest and the central highlands. In late 1989 the Alianza Campesina Independiente Emiliano Zapata (ACIEZ) emerged in Altamirano, Ocosingo, San Cristobal, Sabanilla, and Salto de Agua. In early 1992 it changed its name to ANCIEZ by adding Nacional to its title, claiming member organizations in six central and northern states. However, it was clearly strongest in Chiapas and had extended its base of support in just two years among Tzotzil, Tzeltal, and Choi communities in the highland municipalities...
Page 89 - THE EMERGENCE OF A GLOBAL MANUFACTURING SYSTEM Contemporary industrialization is the result of an integrated system of global trade and production. Open international trade has encouraged nations to specialize in different branches of manufacturing and even in different stages of production within a specific industry. This process, fuelled by the explosion of new products and new technologies since the Second World War, has led to the emergence...
Page 89 - ... global trade and production. Open international trade has encouraged nations to specialize in different branches of manufacturing and even in different stages of production within a specific industry. This process, fuelled by the explosion of new products and new technologies since the Second World War, has led to the emergence of a 'global manufacturing system' in which production capacity is dispersed to an unprecedented number of developing as well as industrialized countries.
Page 97 - Note.— Because of rounding, figures may not add to the totals shown; unit values are calculated from unrounded figures.