Neoliberalism and Education in the Americas
In Neoliberalism and Education in the Americas, Adriana Puiggrˇs illuminates the process by which the borders separating educators in the United States and Latin America have been erased due to imperialist policies that affect democratic pedagogy in both parts of the Americas. Puiggrˇs takes stock of the critical work on educational relations between the United States and Latin America, covering the evolution of Latin American pedagogical discussion in recent decades. She argues that the association of education with progress, the cornerstone of the U.S. educational system, takes on a different meaning when exported to Latin America as a slogan. Limitless progress, an aim typical of advanced capitalism, becomes, in developing countries, an exhortation toward an unattainable goal: a mirror reflection of U.S. society.The book analyzes those foreign policies which most affect education in Latin America, from the U.S. Alliance for Progress to the neoconservative policies now being imposed by international bodies. The concentration of educational power on a world scale has consequences which are described here from a Latin American point of view. Puiggrˇs concludes with an analysis of the “organic crisis” of educational systems in the region. She examines the historical development of these systems prior to the current crisis and presents a working typology. Finally, she offers a classification of these educational systems as affected by the present crisis, and suggests their prospects for the future.The book has enjoyed a broad audience in Latin America and is presented here in a version specially prepared for English-speaking readers.
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Alliance for Progress Argentina Argentinean articulations basic education Brameld Brazil Buenos Aires capitalist Carlos Menem changes Charly Garcia classes concept consciousness construction crisis critical cultural decentralization demands democracy democratic dependency theory developing countries discourse dominant economic educa Educaciˇn educational systems efficiency elites Freire's Freirean future globalization goals groups hegemony human idea ideological important institutions integration intellectuals investments Latin American Latin American countries Latin American educational Latin American societies liberal linked literacy masses ment Mercosur necessary neoconservative neoliberal neoliberal educational North American participation Paulo Freire pedagogical percent Peter McLaren political popular population possible problems production programs proposed public education reforms regional relations relationship responsibility role schools secondary sectors situation social spaces strategies structural struggle subjects teachers teaching and learning technotronic theory Third World tion tional traditional transformation Trilateral Commission ucation UNESCO University World Bank youth