Nepal in Transition: From People's War to Fragile Peace

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Sebastian von Einsiedel, David M. Malone, Suman Pradhan
Cambridge University Press, Mar 12, 2012 - History - 398 pages
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Since emerging in 2006 from a ten-year Maoist insurgency, the "People's War," Nepal has struggled with the difficult transition from war to peace, from autocracy to democracy, and from an exclusionary and centralized state to a more inclusive and federal one. The present volume, drawing on both international and Nepali scholars and leading practitioners, analyzes the context, dynamics, and key players shaping Nepal's ongoing peace process. While the peace process is largely domestically driven, it has been accompanied by wide-ranging international involvement, including initiatives in peacemaking by NGOs, the United Nations, and India, which, throughout the process, wielded considerable political influence; significant investments by international donors; and the deployment of a Security Council-mandated UN field mission. This book shines a light on the limits, opportunities, and challenges of international efforts to assist Nepal in its quest for peace and stability and offers valuable lessons for similar endeavors elsewhere.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 The Making of the Maoist Insurgency
37
Ideologies and Interests
58
4 The Legacy of Nepals Failed Development
81
41 A Donors Perspective on Aid and Conflict
100
A Business Perspective
114
5 Ethnic Politics and the Building of an Inclusive State
129
6 Nepals Masala Peacemaking
155
Social Inclusion for Peace
232
A Nepali Perspective
255
The Transformation of Nepals Maoists in a Time of Peace
265
Nepals Foreign Policy Caught between India and China
287
Indias Role
313
13 A Nepali Perspective on International Involvement in Nepal
332
14 Conclusions
361
Index
383

7 A Comprehensive Peace? Lessons from Human Rights Monitoring in Nepal
175
The Role of the UN Mission in Nepal
201

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About the author (2012)

Sebastian von Einsiedel works in the policy planning unit of the UN's Department of Political Affairs. From 2007 to 2008, he served as a political affairs officer with the UN Mission in Nepal providing analysis on a range of peace process related issues. He also served as Senior Program Officer of the International Peace Institute and as Special Assistant to its President. He was a member of the research team of the UN Secretary-General's High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change and worked for two years in the Secretary-General's strategic planning unit. Einsiedel has published numerous journal articles and book chapters on multilateral security issues.

David M. Malone was appointed as President of the International Development Research Center (IDRC) in July 2008 for a term of five years. Prior to that, he served as Canada's High Commissioner to India and non-resident Ambassador to Bhutan and Nepal. He currently serves as Adjunct Professor at the New York University School of Law and is a Senior Fellow of Massey College in the University of Toronto. He has published extensively on peace and security issues and his books include Does the Elephant Dance? Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy (2011), The Law and Practice of the United Nations (2008), The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century (2004) and The International Struggle Over Iraq (2006).

Suman Pradhan is a former Nepali journalist who wrote extensively on the struggle to institutionalize democracy in Nepal, as well as on the Maoist conflict. His articles have been published in leading Nepal-based newspapers. He was the news editor of The Kathmandu Post newspaper from 2000 to 2003 when he also served as Nepal correspondent for Inter Press Service. He also served as a Nepal analyst for International Crisis Group from 2003 to 2005. Since late 2006, he has worked for the UN as a political officer in Nepal, Afghanistan, Pakistan and New York.

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