Neural processing of emotion in multimodal settings

Front Cover
Martin Klasen, Benjamin Kreifelts, Yu-Han Chen, Janina Seubert, Klaus Mathiak
Frontiers Media SA, May 6, 2015 - Affect (Psychology) - 274 pages

Our everyday life is characterized by a multitude of emotionally relevant cues that we perceive and communicate via various sensory channels. This does not only encompass the obvious cases of auditory and visual modalities, but also olfactory, gustatory, and even tactile stimuli. Any kind of emotional situation in a natural setting is usually a multimodal experience: A friend welcomes us with warm words, a smile, and a happy voice; the sight of our favourite food is accompanied by a seductive smell and a delicious taste; the thrill of watching an exciting movie scene is intensified by a gripping soundtrack. In these situations, the signals from various senses do not stand on their own; they interact and create a unified emotional experience. Recent neuroscientific research has begun to accommodate this inherent multimodality of emotions in natural situations by studying the interaction of affectively relevant information from more than one sensory channel. Fascinating new aspects emerge concerning the neurobiology of emotion processing, and there is evidence that integrating emotional cues from various sources invokes brain processes that go beyond the well-known patterns observed during unimodal stimulation. The aim of this volume is to present novel and interesting studies dealing with the multimodality of emotions and their neural processing. This includes findings from novel paradigms beyond the classical stimulus-response pattern, fascinating new insights into the interaction of the chemical senses, new analysis methods, comprehensive reviews of selected topics, multimodality in social interactions, and clinical perspectives. Taken together, the studies of this volume thus help us to better understand the interplay of various senses in our daily emotional experiences.

 

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Contents

Neural processing of emotion in multimodal settings
5
functional connectivity and characterization
9
striatal fMRI reward responses to successes and failures in a video game during active and vicarious playing
20
Context counts social anxiety modulates the processing of fearful faces in the context of chemosensory anxiety signals
33
effects on physiological variables
50
On the role of crossmodal prediction in audiovisual emotion perception
60
a behavioral and EMG study
67
an illustration from emotional processing in alcoholdependence
79
Emotional sounds modulate early neural processing of emotional pictures
149
Attention and multisensory integration of emotions in schizophrenia
161
Connecting multimodality in human communication
168
Dissociating task difficulty from incongruence in facevoice emotion integration
178
method for simultaneous EEGfMRI measurements
191
Situating emotional experience
201
contributions to boredom
217
Multisensory integration mechanisms during aging
224

Food related processes in the insular cortex
98
The sensory channel of presentation alters subjective ratings and autonomic responses toward disgusting stimuliBlood pressure heart rate and skin co...
104
sensory or emotional?
114
Avoidant symptoms in ptsd predict fear circuit activation during multimodal fear extinction
125
Nonverbal emotion communication training induces specific changes in brain function and structure
135
Crossmodal integration of emotions in the chemical senses
230
Subclinical alexithymia modulates early audiovisual perceptive and attentional eventrelated potentials
239
Multimodal emotion perception after anterior temporal lobectomy ATL
253
an fMRI study
266
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