Neuroscience and Religion: Brain, Mind, Self, and Soul
Volney P. Gay
Rowman & Littlefield, 2009 - Psychology - 287 pages
For religious persons, the notion of human being is tied inextricably to the notion of God (or the gods) and turns on this question: what is human being? How did we, with our almost infinite capacities for thought, change, and domination, come to be? Imbued with powers far beyond any other animal, humans are too faulty to be considered gods themselves. Yet, the idea of God (or the gods) appears in all distinctive human cultures: it names the other pole of human_it designates a being who realizes perfectly our imperfectly realized nature. With the rise of new sciences come ancient anxieties about how we should define human being. In the nineteenth century, electricity and magnetism fascinated experts and captivated the lay public. In the twenty-first century, advances in neuroscience open up vast new possibilities of mimicking, and perhaps emulating human being. In this book twelve scholars and scientists ask what_if anything_distinguishes Brain from Mind, and Mind from Self and Soul.
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About the Contributors and Interviewees
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accessed November 14 action animals argued basic behavior beliefs biology black box body brain Cambridge cause Christof Koch Citizen Cyborg cognitive complex concept correlated cortex cultural cyborg technologies Daniel Dennett Darwin's Dangerous Idea Dennett distinct dualism emergent entities example explain feel Francis Crick Freud functions genes genetic glossolalia goal God Gene human human enhancement idea incest individual inputs intention interaction Kant Koch Leibniz machine marriage means mechanical mental mind modern Monadology movements nature neural neurons neuroscience neuroscientists Newberg November 14 organized Oxford University Press percent person philosophers physical physicalist Pinker principle processes psychology qualia Quest for Consciousness question reality reason reductionism religion religious experience robot saccade scale Schall scientific scientists secularization sense social society sociology soul specific Spinoza spiritual Steven Pinker structures survival machines taboo theory things tion traditional understand Vanderbilt York