New Challenges in Typology: Transcending the Borders and Refining the Distinctions

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Patience Epps, Alexandre Arkhipov
Walter de Gruyter, 2009 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 428 pages

The volume brings together seventeen chapters by typologists and typologically oriented field linguists who have recently completed their Ph.D. theses. Through their case studies of selected theoretically relevant issues the authors highlight the mutual importance of language description, on the one hand, and of cross-linguistically informed theory, on the other. Faced with new data from previously unknown languages and even from lesser-studied varieties of European languages, linguists constantly have to deal with the inadequacy of established concepts and typologies, being pushed to further refine their classifications and to question the accepted borderlines between different categories, types, and levels of linguistic description.

The scope of the individual contributions to the volume varies from worldwide typological samples to family-internal typology to in-depth studies of single languages. The range of linguistic domains addressed include tonology, morphology, syntax, and lexical classes. Among the phenomena scrutinized are clitics, tones, case, agreement/indexation, localization, pluractionality, desideratives, lability, comitative constructions, raising, verb formation, nominal classification, parts of speech, and predicates of change. More general theoretical and methodological issues addressed include such topics as markedness, grammaticalization, lexicalization, and the integration of linguistic data and description.

The book is of interest to typologists and field linguists, as well as to any linguists interested in theoretical issues in different subfields of linguistics. A particular contribution of the volume is to present a synthesis of typological and descriptive approaches to the study of language, and to highlight the fact that broader typological study and the focused investigation of particular languages are interdependent ventures that necessarily inform each other.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Evidence from mixed clitic systems
11
A holistic typological approach
35
The example of Emerillon Teko
63
Evidence from Hup
85
Challenges for markedness theory
105
Evidence from East Caucasian languages
127
Trends in the grammaticalization of periphrastic pasts
151
Comitative as a crosslinguistically valid category
223
Lability vs derivation
247
A functional approach
269
Historical pathways in Northern Paiute verb formation
295
Reference and predication in Movima
323
Predicates of change in Lowland Chontal of Oaxaca
343
Multidimensional typology and Miraña class markers
365
Steps toward a grammar embedded in data
389

Individuallevel meanings in the semantic domain of pluractionality
175
A case study of desideratives
199

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About the author (2009)

Patience Epps, University of Texas at Austin, USA; Alexandre Arkhipov, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia.

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