New Frontiers in Superconductivity Research

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Nova Publishers, 2006 - Science - 225 pages
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Superconductivity is the ability of certain materials to conduct electrical current with no resistance and extremely low losses. High temperature superconductors, such as La2-xSrxCuOx (Tc=40K) and YBa2Cu3O7-x (Tc=90K), were discovered in 1987 and have been actively studied since. In spite of an intense, world-wide, research effort during this time, a complete understanding of the copper oxide (cuprate) materials is still lacking. Many fundamental questions are unanswered, particularly the mechanism by which high-Tc superconductivity occurs. More broadly, the cuprates are in a class of solids with strong electron-electron interactions. An understanding of such "strongly correlated" solids is perhaps the major unsolved problem of condensed matter physics with over ten thousand researchers working on this topic.
 

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Contents

Vortices in Layered Superconductors Gunadhor S Okram
1
Critical Currents and Vortex Dynamics in Percolative Superconductors Containing Fractal Clusters of a Normal Phase Yuriy I Kuzmin
47
Vortex Entry Conditions in TypeII Superconductors GibbsLondon Approach vs GinzburgLandau Theory IL Maksimov
83
Amorphous NbGe Thin Films as a Model System for Experiments on Fundamental Properties of Vortex Transport Dinko Babic
107
On the Quantum Nature of Vortex Rongchao Ma and Yuefei Ma
145
Electric Noise and Local PhotonInduced nonequilibrium states Andreas Engel Alexei Semenov HeinzWilhelm Habers Konstantin Ilin and Michael Si...
161
Recent Progress on Enhanced Critical Current Density in AirProcessed GdBaCuO Bulk Superconductors Caixuan Xu Anming Hu Naomichi Sakai Izu...
199
Index
217
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