New Worlds: The Great Voyages of Discovery, 1400-1600
This is a narrative history of the great voyages of discovery. The author starts his survey with a portrait of medieval Europe, its economy, its geography and the developments in naval architecture and design that made the great voyages possible. From there, he goes on to consider in detail the voyages of Henry the Navigator, Columbus, da Gama, Cabot; the Portuguese spice empire in Asia (which is contrasted with the simultaneous rise of the Mogul Empire) and the opening up of both South and North America. The culmination of these navigational efforts was the circumnavigation of the earth by Magellan and the opening up of successful Pacific trade routes. A final chapter considers the impact of European expansion, its effect on the European world view and economy and the challenges to the Spanish and Portuguese from the Dutch, English and French.
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ONE World Views Before the Age of Exploration
TWO Trade and Contact Between Europe Asia and Africa Before the 1490s
THREE Late Medieval European Exploration of the Atlantic and Africa
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African coast Albuquerque arrived Asia Asian Atahualpa Atlantic Ocean Azores Aztec Bartolome began Cabral Cadamosto Calicut Cambridge Canary Islands Cape Bojador Cape Verde capture caravan caravels Castile Ceuta China Christian Christopher Columbus circumnavigate coastline Columbus's conquer Conquest of Mexico conquistadors continued Cortes Covilha crew Crusades Cuba Dias Diffie and Winius Diogo Discovery East Empire Europe European expedition Fernando and Isabel fifteenth fleet Gama's Genoese geographical gold Guinea Hakluyt Society Hispaniola History Inca India Indian Ocean Islamic Joao John Cabot journey King Manuel land landfall located Magellan Mamelukes Marco Polo medieval Mediterranean Mongol Morison Native Americans navigation Norse North America Pedro Pizarro portolan charts Portugal Portugal's Portuguese ships Prester John Prince Henry reached River route rprt sailed sea-route settlement sixteenth century slaves South Spain Spanish spice trade strait Tenochtitlan University Press Vasco da Gama vessels West Africa western voyage winds York Zamorin