New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium

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Emerald Group Publishing, May 26, 2008 - Education - 216 pages
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Ward et al., examine the question of whether providing work experience within courses of study in higher education affects entrepreneurial attitudes and behaviour, important given government imperatives to foster entrepreneurship through the education system. They consider two dimensions: self-efficacy, which broadly relates to confidence in ability; and, entrepreneurial intent which relates to positive attitudes towards engaging in risk taking or firm start-up. Their sample is of 158 undergraduates who engaged in a summer work placement linked to their study. Their key finding is that positive effects on self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intent depends on the nature of the experience, being fostered by performing well in the face of difficulty and the closeness of the placement activity to their studies. Such experience appears more common when undertaking a placement in a small firm. Van der Sijde et al., consider the extent to which University start ups which are global as opposed to being domestically focussed differ in the extent of their business networks, using a sample comprising five technology-based firms of each type. They establish that global start-ups do have more extensive networks in terms of number of actors and global actors in the network at start-up, although their networks do not expand thereafter significantly more than domestic start-ups. They also have significantly more sources of capital.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Encouraging Research and Development in Irelandaposs Biotechnology Enterprises
7
Chapter 3 How Industrial Experience Affects Entrepreneurial Intent and SelfEfficacy in UK Engineering Undergraduates
23
Paradoxes in Enterprise Development Strategy The Case of the Disappearing Strategy The Case of the Disappearing Academic StartUps
37
A Case Study of an Entrepreneurship Programme
55
The Medici Fellowship Programme
69
Chapter 7 An Empirical Assessment of Porteraposs Clusters Concept Based on Londonaposs Media Industries
85
Chapter 8 Network Differences between Domestic and Global University StartUps
103
Evidence from Japanese HighTechnology StartUp Firms
117
An Empirical Study among Germanyaposs Internet and ECommerce StartUps
147
Chapter 11 The HighTechnology Pecking Order in Spinoffs and NonSpinoffs in the Irish Software Sector
163
Case Studies from 10 UK Universities
185
Chapter 13 Analysis of the Factors Leading to Success or Failure of StartUp Companies in the Field of Micro and Nanotechnology
203
Chapter 14 Drivers of Strategic Direction in High Technology Small Firms
219
Views and Lessons of Israeli Experts
239
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About the author (2008)

Manchester Business School

John Sandars, GP and Senior Lecturer in Community Based Education, Medical Education Unit, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. John is a general practitioner and has a major interest in patient safety education. He was a member of the MRC Patient Safety Research network and is an adviser to Saferhealthcare, a web based online resource sponsored by the NPSA and BMJ.

Gary Cook, Consultant Epidemiologist, Stepping Hill Hospital, Stockport NHS Foundation Trust, Stockport, UK; Honorary Senior Fellow in Public Health, University of Manchester.

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