Newport Through Its Architecture: A History of Styles from Postmedieval to Postmodern

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UPNE, 2005 - Architecture - 297 pages
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A remarkable coincidence of unplanned historical events has preserved Newport, Rhode Island’s architectural heritage in a way that is rare among American cities. Newport has the largest number of pre-Revolutionary War buildings in North America, with some 800 in its old historic districts.

In the nineteenth century, Newport was the summer home to America’s most prominent families and patrons of outstanding architecture. With a diverse range of styles, Newport exemplified the greatness of mid-nineteenth-century American architecture. As Newport gained social importance in the 1880s, the Bellevue Avenue and Ochre Point neighborhoods became the sites of lavish Beaux-Arts palatial residences.

Newport’s twentieth-century architecture explored all modern currents, ranging from progressive Bauhaus functionalism as it evolved into the International Style of the 1950s to more conservative Art Deco and Scandinavian Modernism. After 1975, the postmodern era gave rise to a spirit of preservation and adaptive reuse, inspiring the Modern Traditionalism of architects such as Robert A. M. Stern. In a more vernacular vein, postmodern shopping centers, restaurants, and commercial establishments provided fertile ground for an especially well-informed postmodern kitsch.
 

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Contents

The Postmedieval Jacobean Style and Newports Founding i
1
The Georgian Styles before the Revolutionary War
9
Federal and Greek Revival Architecture 17801840
23
The Gothic Revival of the 1830s and 1840s
37
The Italian Villa and Italianate Architecture of the 1850s
48
The French Roof and the Civil War Era
62
The Stick Style of the 1860s and 1870s
73
Queen Anne Variants 18701890
85
The Beginnings of BeauxArts Newport 18801890
121
Richard Morris Hunt and the BeauxArts 18881895
132
The BeauxArts and Academic Eclecticism in the
153
Modernism from the Bauhaus to Postmodernism
175
A Brief Listing of Selected Newport Buildings by Architect
199
Notes
219
Selected Bibliography
267
Index
285

The Shingle Style before 1885
98
The Colonial Revival after 1885
112

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About the author (2005)

JAMES L. YARNALL is an assistant professor in the Department of Art at Salve Regina University in Newport, Rhode Island, where he teaches art and architectural history. He also offers courses in the University's Cultural and Historic Preservation Program.

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