Newsmen's Privilege: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Ninety-fourth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 215 ... April 23 and 24, 1975

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Page 107 - Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, it is a privilege for me to appear before you again, and I appreciate this opportunity to discuss with you our appropriation request for fiscal year 1974.
Page 24 - ... the evil discerned and, equally important, to refashion those rules as experience from time to time may dictate. There is also merit in leaving state legislatures free, within First Amendment limits, to fashion their own standards in light of the conditions...
Page 121 - ... society. Newspapers, television networks, and magazines have sometimes been outrageously abusive, untruthful, arrogant, and hypocritical. But it hardly follows that elimination of a strong and independent press is the way to eliminate abusiveness, untruth, arrogance, or hypocrisy from government itself. It is quite possible to conceive of the survival of our Republic without an autonomous press. For openness and honesty in government, for an adequate flow of information between the people and...
Page 94 - ... funded by personal donations from Steering Committee members and by modest foundation grants. On behalf of The Reporters Committee, and of the working press as a class whom our Committee represents in court and in other ways, we are grateful for your invitation to testify before this Committee on a subject which is of critical importance to the nation. Because we have faith that the Congress wishes to protect and encourage First Amendment guarantees, we believe that the Congress should pass,...
Page 121 - But if there were no guarantee of a free press, government could convert the communications media into a neutral "market place of ideas." Newspapers and television networks could then be required to promote contemporary government policy or current notions of social justice. Such a constitution is possible; it might work reasonably well. But it is not the Constitution the Founders wrote. It is not the Constitution that has carried us through nearly two centuries of national life. Perhaps our liberties...
Page 13 - There should be reasonable ground based on information obtained from nonmedia sources that a crime has occurred. (2) There should be reasonable ground to believe that the information sought is essential to a successful investigation — particularly with reference to directly establishing guilt or innocence. The subpoena should not be used to obtain peripheral, nonessential or speculative information.
Page 107 - ANPA is the national trade association of daily newspapers with a membership of more than 1170 newspapers representing more than 90 percent of the total daily and Sunday newspaper circulation in the United States.
Page 126 - Gibson, it is quite apparent (1) that the State has the necessary interest in extirpating the traffic in illegal drugs, in forestalling assassination attempts on the President, and in preventing the community from being disrupted by violent disorders endangering both persons and property; and (2) that, based on the stories Branzburg and Caldwell wrote and Pappas...
Page 74 - This decision was affirmed by the court of appeals, and the Supreme Court denied further review.
Page 8 - ... authorized by the laws of the United States or any State) engaged in obtaining, writing, reviewing, editing, or otherwise preparing information in any form for any medium of communication to the public.

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