Nhanda: An Aboriginal Language of Western Australia
This book presents the first detailed sketch grammar of Nhanda, a Pama-Nyungan language of the central coast of Western Australia presently on the verge of extinction. This language was once spoken along the lower Murchison River, from Kalbarri inland, and south to present-day Northampton and Geraldton, but has remained largely unknown until recent years. Nhanda is based on the author's fieldwork in Western Australia from 1993 to 1998 with one of the last speakers of the language, and also incorporates notes of early explorers and linguists who passed through the area. The grammar presents the general features of the language within the Australian context, followed by a comprehensive study of Nhanda sound patterns, major sections on nominal and verbal morphology, and descriptions of simple sentences and constituent order. Each chapter is rich in data and provides comparative evidence with important implications for historical relationships between the languages of Australia. The volume also includes Nhanda-English and English-Nhanda alphabetical vocabularies and an alphabetical list of Nhanda affixes. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publication No. 30
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The Language and Its Speakers l
Table 11 Nhanda dialects
Table 23 Nhanda syllable types
Table 26 Differences in homophonous nggu suffixes
Table 27 Initial apical correspondences
Table 31 Derived nominals with agentive caa
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abarla adverbs ajuga Amangu AMBULATIVE ammanu-lu apical consonants Australian languages bimoraic clitics clusters comitative consonant derivational suffix dialect direct object dissimilation ergative examples forms glide Gloss glottal stop go-NPAST homorganic idalu imperative induga inflectional initial intervocalic intransitive IRREALIS irregular verbs kangaroo lexical locative long vowel Malgana malya man-ERG marker marking morpheme Murchison House Murchison River nasal dissimilation ngayi nggu NH class nhaa Nhanda name nominal suffix noun phrase nyarlu nyarlu-nggu nyini Nyungar O'Grady object bound pronouns oblique bound pronouns obstruents occur Panyjima PAST PERFECTIVE phonological word PN placename pNhK Pre-Nhanda present tense pronominal rhotic Ryder secondary stress Section sentences singular sound change syllable thada third-person transitive verbs tree unaccusative unaccusative verb unmarked uthu uthu-nggu verb stem verbal suffix Vintr NH voiceless voicing contrast wajanu Wajarri woman woman-ERG word-final word-initial wuja wumba-yi wur'a wurtka Y-class verbs yatka yatka-ndha yawarda yugangga
Page 170 - Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal Languages South of the Kimberley Region. Pacific Linguistics Series C, No.