Niki de Saint Phalle: the Grotto
The Herrenhauser Garten in Hanover belongs among the most beautiful parks in Germany. Its Groser Garten was begun in 1666 and constitutes one of the most important baroque grounds in Europe. The north-western part of this treasure houses the grotto, built in 1676. The three rooms, originally decorated with mussels, crystals, glass and minerals, served as a place of enchantment and as a cool retreat on hot days. The decorations were removed as early as the eighteenth century, however, and afterwards the building was used as a permanent storeroom. After its restoration for EXPO 2000, the inside of the grotto was newly designed according to plans by Niki de Saint Phalle, a project which was to become the last work in an unusual oeuvre, since the artist died in the spring of 2002. The octagonal middle room and those to its left and right were splendidly decorated with mosaics made from colored glass and mirrors, with pebbles and numerous painted sculptures made of fibreglass. The spiral-shaped arrangement of the ornaments around the column in the entrance hall symbolizes spirituality, with the western mirrored room signifying day and life and the eastern blue room night and the cosmos.
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ULRICH KREMPEL Grottoes Caves and Walkin Sculptures in the Art of Niki de Saint Phalle
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Antoni Gaudi's Park architectural structures artist balustrade Baroque garden Birgit Heidrich-Peiers Blue Room Bomarzo Cascade cave Celsius city of Hanover colored completed construction crates dancing women decoration drawings dream elements Entrance Hall Ernst August facade fiberglass figures flower Fountain Designer Cadart France Garden in Herrenhausen glass and pebble grates Grotto Design Grotto in Herrenhausen Herrenhausen Gardens historical installation interior Jean Tinguely Jean-Gabriel Mitterrand Lejeune's Marie-France Pestel Debord Marie-Louise von Plessen Mario Botta masonry Master Fountain Designer microwave middle room Mike Gehrke Moderna Museet monument mosaics motif Niki de Saint Niki's palace Phalle's Pierre Marie Lejeune Prince Elector realized Reliefs restored Ronald Clark Room of Spirituality royal Saint Phalle San Diego sculptures shells Shooting Paintings Silver Mirror Room Silver Room Sophie spatial Sprengel Museum stone stucco studio surfaces Tarot Garden three grottoes three Nanas three rooms Ulrich Krempel visitors walk-in walls and ceilings Welf