No Contest: The Case Against Competition
Competition may be as American as apple pie, but social scientist Alfie Kohn argues that our struggle to defeat one another--at work, at school, at play, and at home--turns all of us into losers. Contrary to the myths with which we have been raised, Kohn shows that competition is not an inevitable part of human nature. It does not motivate us to do our best. Rather than building character, competition sabotages self-esteem and ruins relationships. Kohn argues that we need to restructure our institutions so that one person's success does not depend on another's failure. For this revised edition, he adds a detailed account of how students can learn more effectively by working cooperatively in the classroom instead of struggling to be Number One.--From publisher description.
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achievement activity aggressive Alfie Kohn American anxiety argue athletes beat become behavior chapter Child Development Project classroom compete competitive games competitors contest Cooperation and Competition Cooperative Learning culture David Deutsch economic effect Elliot Aronson evidence example experience extrinsic motivators fact failure feel Garrett Hardin goal Helmreich Horney human nature Ibid idea individual intentional competition interaction intergroup competition interpersonal interpersonal attraction intrinsic Johnson and Johnson Journal Kagan Karen Horney less losers losing means ment Michael Novak Morton Deutsch noncompetitive one's orientation Orlick participants performance person perspective play players problem productive promote question relationship result rewards Robert Robert Slavin self-esteem sense Sharan simply situation skills Social Psychology society someone strategy structural competition task teachers teaching tend theory thing tion tive trying Tutko values victory winners women York
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Real-life Economics: Understanding Wealth Creation
Paul Ekins,Manfred A. Max-Neef
No preview available - 1992