The history of Arabic writing spans a period of eight hundred years in sub-Saharan Africa. Hundreds of thousands of manuscripts in Arabic or Ajami (African languages written with the Arabic script) are preserved in public libraries and private collections in sub-Saharan Africa. This 'Islamic Library' includes historical, devotional, pedagogical, polemical and political writings, most of which have not yet been adequately studied. This book, Non-Europhone Intellectuals, studies the research carried out on the Islamic library and shows that Muslim intellectuals, in West Africa in particular, have produced huge literature in Arabic and Ajami. It is impossible to reconstitute this library completely. As the texts have existed for centuries and are mostly in the form of unpublished manuscripts, only some of them have been transmitted to us while others have perished because of poor conservation. Efforts toward collecting them continues and the documents collected thus far attest to an intense intellectual life and important debates on society that have been completely ignored by the overwhelming majority of Europhone intellectuals. During European colonial rule and after the independence of African nations, Islamic education experienced some neglect, but the Islamic scholarly tradition did not decline. On the contrary, it has prospered with the proliferation of modern Islamic schools and the rise of dozens of Islamic institutions of higher learning. In recent years, the field of Islamic studies in West Africa has continued to attract the attention of erudite scholars, notably in anthropology and history, who are investing in learning the languages and working on this Islamic archive. As more analytical works are done on this archive, there will be continued modification in terms of the debate on knowledge production in West Africa.
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2 The Islamic Library in SubSaharan Africa
3 Origins of the Islamic Scholarly Tradition in SubSaharan Africa
4 The Development of acjami Literature
5 Esoteric Knowledge and Exoteric Knowledge
6 PoliticalIntellectual Revolutions
7 European Colonization and the Transformation of Islamic Education
8 Modernization of the Islamic Educational System
9 SubSaharan African Arabists and Higher Education in the Arab World
African Arabists African countries African Islamic African languages Ahmad Al-Azhar al-din Almoravid Appiah Arab authors Arab countries Arabic and acjami Arabic language Arabic literature Arabists Arabophone Askia Bello Berbers black Africa cAbd catalogue central Sudan Centre century colonial library contributed created cultural died European Europhone intellectuals French Fulani graduates Grandin Hausa Hiskett Hunwick IFAN inspired Institute intellectual tradition Islamic education Islamic knowledge Islamic library Islamic scholarly tradition Islamic studies Islamic teaching Islamist jihad Kane Koran mainly Mali Maliki manuscripts marabouts Mauritania medieval modern Morocco movement Mudimbe Muhammad Muslim scholars Muslim world Niger non-Europhone intellectuals non-Western languages northern Nigeria political population post-colonial pre-colonial Prophet proselytization Qadiriyya religious researchers Sahara Sanhaja Sanhaja Berbers sciences Ségou Senegal Senegalese social Songhai empire space of meaning sub-Saharan Africa sub-Saharan Islam Sufi Sufism texts Tijaniyya Timbuktu Touré translated Triaud Uthman Dan Fodio Wangara West Africa Western epistemological order Western languages writings Zawaya