Non-Canonical Marking of Subjects and Objects
Aleksandra I︠U︡rʹevna Aĭkhenvalʹd, Robert Malcolm Ward Dixon, Masayuki Ōnishi
John Benjamins Pub., 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 362 pages
In some languages every subject is marked in the same way, and also every object. But there are languages in which a small set of verbs mark their subjects or their objects in an unusual way. For example, most verbs may mark their subject with nominative case, but one small set of verbs may have dative subjects, and another small set may have locative subjects. Verbs with noncanonically marked subjects and objects typically refer to physiological states or events, inner feelings, perception and cognition. The Introduction sets out the theoretical parameters and defines the properties in terms of which subjects and objects can be analysed. Following chapters discuss Icelandic, Bengali, Quechua, Finnish, Japanese, Amele (a Papuan language), and Tariana (an Amazonian language); there is also a general discussion of European languages. This is a pioneering study providing new and fascinating data, and dealing with a topic of prime theoretical importance to linguists of many persuasions.
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Parameters and Properties 1
Noncanonical marking of core arguments in European languages
Noncanonical AS marking in Icelandic
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accusative active clause Aikhenvald Amele antecedent be+3SG Bengali canonically marked S/A case-marking Class clausal complement clause constraints core arguments coverb cross-referenced dative subject construction derived desiderative experiencer direct object discussed Dixon double subject construction English Ergative example existential Existential clauses experiencer nominal expressed Finnish function galwa Genitive genitive argument Genitive S/A grammatical relations Hata-sensei honorific Icelandic Imbabura imperative impersonal clause impersonal constructions impersonal verb intransitive Japanese Ken nom large subject Linguistics Locative main clause Mami marker morphological nee nee nee nom/top nominative subject non-canonical constructions non-canonically marked A/S non-canonically marked arguments noun oblique occur Onishi Papuan languages partitive subject passive pattern person pivot possessor predicates predicates which require R.M.W. Dixon referent reflexive pronoun SAE languages semantic sentence serial verb construction Sio verbs stative subject properties suffix Switch Reference switch-reference syntactic syntactic properties syntax Tariana tion tive transitive verbs typically verbal