Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U. S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union
DIANE Publishing, 2010 - 58 pages
Congress passed the Nunn-Lugar amendment, authorizing U.S. threat reduction assistance to the former Soviet Union, in Nov. 1991, after a failed coup in Moscow and the disintegration of the Soviet Union raised concerns about the safety and security of Soviet nuclear weapons. The annual program has grown from $400 million to over $1 billion/year across 3 agencies. It has also evolved from an emergency response to impending chaos in the Soviet Union, to a more comprehensive threat reduction and non-proliferation effort, to a broader program seeking to keep nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons from leaking into the hands of rogue nations or terrorists. This report discusses issues related to U.S. non-proliferation and threat reduction assistance. Illus.
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$10 million accelerate added funding Administration has requested agreement analysts approved this request Belarus biological weapons Bush Administration requested centers completed comprehensive upgrades Congress appropriated Congress approved Congress authorized Cooperative Threat Reduction CTR funding CTR program Defense Authorization Bill Department of Energy Detailed Budget Justifications DOE’s expand former Soviet Union FY2004 Congressional Budget H.Rept House implementation included increased International J.D. Crouch Kazakhstan Line of Defense mass destruction million going Minatom nonproliferation and threat nonproliferation assistance nonproliferation programs nuclear materials Nuclear Threat Initiative nuclear weapons Obama Administration requested plutonium President program area project area Proliferation Prevention RANSAC reactors reduction and nonproliferation Richard Lugar Rosatom Russia Second Line Seversk Shchuch’ye Spencer Abraham storage facilities Strategic Rocket Forces threat reduction assistance threat reduction programs U.S. assistance U.S. Department U.S. Efforts U.S. nonproliferation U.S. Senate U.S. threat reduction Ukraine United Warheads and Materials weapons of mass Zheleznogorsk