Nonsuch Palace: The Material Culture of a Noble Restoration Household, Volume 2
Nonsuch in Surrey was Henry VIII's last and most fantastic palace. Begun in 1538, at the start of the 30th year of Henry's reign, the palace was intended as a triumphal celebration of the power and the grandeur of Henry VIII and the Tudor dynasty. The site was chosen for its fine countryside and hunting potential. Although the layout was fairly typical for a house of this period, arranged around two main courtyards, there its 'ordinariness' ends. The palace was ornately decorated with intricate Renaissance designs in carved and gilded slate and plasterwork, with two great octagonal towers, five storeys high at either end. The king wanted people to be astonished at his new palace, and to say that they had never seen such a fine palace before, hence its name - 'Nonsuch.' Excavations in 1959-60 uncovered a large amount of material from all periods, from occupation to demolition (1538-1684). The finds fall into two categories: architectural and domestic. This volume, the second in the series, publishes the domestic finds, including a large amount of complete or reconstructible glass, ceramics (such as tin-glazed wares, stoneware and earthenware), coins and tokens, clay pipes, pewter vessels, objects of iron, bone, ivory and leather, and a wooden pocket sundial.
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Methods of recording and study by Martin Biddle
THE DOMESTIC MATERIAL FROM THE OCCUPATION OF THE PALACE
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17th century 7.0 stoneware F Animal bone Banqueting House Bartmann mask base angle beaker BH Phase blue body sherd bowl Buff clay cellar Charleston Chris Mortimer clay with white claypipe 15 contexts cristallo Cuddington datable decoration Delft demolition deposits diam dish drug jar Earthenware English and dates example excavated fallow deer fineglass flask fragment Frechen Garderobe Goodall Grey fabric Group handle Inner Court interior surface Kitchen Court late London medallion medium mould-blown moulded Museum Museum of London NONA Nonsuch Palace Outer Court Oxford pale-green glass parallel patches Phase 5 Type piece is English pipkin plate PMCR PMFR porringer Probably English Probably Venetian RBOR Red ware ribbing rounded seals seventeenth century shape sherd side similar sixteenth century slightly slipware stem stoneware F suggest Table tin-glaze FS TUDB Type I/II Undecorated Ungulate unknown Vergulde Draeck vessel glass W4 II/IV W5ext Wealden weathering white glaze