Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling, and Production

Front Cover
PennWell Books, 2001 - Science - 598 pages
6 Reviews
Used by corporate training departments and colleges worldwide, this is the most complete upstream guide available. Contents: The nature of gas and oil The Earth's crust - where we find time Deformation of sedimentary rocks Sandstone reservoir rocks Carbonate reservoir rocks Sedimentary rock distribution Mapping Ocean environment and plate tectonics Source rocks, generation, migration, and accumilation of petroleum Petroleum traps Petroleum exploration - geological and geochemical Petroleum exploration - geophysical Drilling preliminaries Drilling a well - the mechanics Drilling problems Drilling techniques Evaluating a well Completing a well Surface treatment and storage Offshore drilling and production Workover Reservoir mechanics Petroleum production Reserves Improved oil recovery.
 

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Contents

THE NATURE OF OIL AND GAS
1
Crude oil
2
Natural Gas
8
Reservoir Hydrocarbons
13
THE EARTHS CRUSTWHERE WE FIND IT
15
Types of Rocks
16
Structure of the Earths Crust
22
IDENTIFICATION OF COMMON ROCKS AND MINERALS
27
DRILLING A WELLTHE MECHANICS
247
Hoisting System
250
Rotating System
252
Circulating System
262
Drilling Operations
270
DRILLING PROBLEMS
273
Problems While Drilling
275
DRILLING TECHNIQUES
285

Minerals
29
Identification of Rocks
31
GEOLOGICAL TIME
35
Relative Age Dating
38
The Geologic Time Scale
45
DEFORMATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
49
Anticlines and Synclines
55
Domes
57
Homoclines
60
SANDSTONE RESERVOIR ROCKS
73
Shoreline Sandstones
75
River Sandstones
78
Delta Sandstones
83
CARBONATE RESERVOIR ROCKS
91
Limestone Platforms
97
Karst Limestone
100
Chalk
102
SEDIMENTARY ROCK DISTRIBUTION
107
Sedimentary Rock Facies
112
Subsurface Rock Layers
114
MAPPING
119
Geologic Maps
121
Base Maps
124
OCEAN ENVIRONMENT AND PLATE TECTONICS
129
Ocean Sediments
136
Continental Drift
137
Plate Tectonics
142
Failed Arm Basins
144
Middle East Oil Fields
147
SOURCE ROCKS GENERATION MIGRATION AND ACCUMULATION OF PETROLEUM
149
Generation
150
Migration
152
Accumulation
153
Age
156
Saturation
163
Oil Shales
164
Tar Sands
165
PETROLEUM TRAPS
167
Structural Traps
169
Stratigraphic Traps
181
Combination Traps
186
PETROLEUM EXPLORATIONGEOLOGICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL
195
Geological Techniques
198
Geochemical Techniques
206
Plays and Trends
207
PETROLEUM EXPLORATIONGEOPHYSICAL
209
Seismic Exploration
213
DRILLING PRELIMINARIES
233
Foreign Contracts
235
Authority for Expenditure
236
Drilling Contracts
237
Joint Operating Agreements and Support Agreements
238
Site Preparation
239
Types of Wells
241
Government Regulations
242
Cable Tool Rigs
243
Air and Foam Drilling
295
TESTING A WELL
297
Drilling Time Log
301
Mud Log
302
Wireline Well Logs
303
Measurements and LoggingWhileDrilling
328
Drillstem Test
330
Repeat Formation Tester
332
COMPLETING A WELL
333
BottomHole Completions
342
Tubing
345
Wellhead
347
Chokes
348
Multiple Completions
358
Intelligent Wells
360
SURFACE TREATMENT AND STORAGE
361
Separators
363
Gas Treatment
368
Storage and Measurement
370
OFFSHORE DRILLING AND COMPLETION
375
Top Drive
377
Offshore Crews
378
Spudding an Offshore Exploratory Well
383
Developmental Drilling and Production
385
Subsea Work
389
Subsea Completions and Wells
390
Unstable Sea Bed
391
WORKOVER
393
Well Intervention on Offshore Wells
397
Preparing the Well
398
RESERVOIR MECHANICS
405
Maximum Efficient Rate
412
PETROLEUM PRODUCTION
413
Well Testing
414
Casedhole Logs
416
Production Logs
417
Decline Curves
418
Bypassing and Coning
420
Cycling
421
Well Stimulation
422
Oilfield Brine and Solution Gas Disposal
426
Surface Subsidence
427
Corrosion
429
Stranded Gas
430
RESERVES
431
Reserve Calculations
434
Types of Reserves
438
IMPROVED OIL RECOVERY
439
Enhanced Oil Recovery
443
Efficiency
448
glossary
451
figure references
551
unit conversions
557
oil and gas
559
index
563
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