Normal Lymph Node Topography: CT Atlas
The topography of the normal lymphatic pathways is comprehensively presented here in axial CT scans. Schematic figures corresponding to each scan make it easy to understand the topography. The main chapters cover the head and neck, the thorax, the abdomen and the pelvis. A short introduction to the lymphatic drainage system is also given. The additional description of the lymphatic nodes for every organ enables the reader to analyze CT scans systematically for enlarged lymph nodes. This atlas contains information vital for radiographers, who must determine how normal and pathologically enlarged lymph nodes are connected with certain lymph node groups in order to correctly stage tumors and their metastases. For radiotherapists, knowledge of the exact topography of a lymphatic drainage region will help to determine the best treatment volume.
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abdomen accompany Adapted angle anterior aorta artery and vein Axial section axillary bladder body carotid celiac cervical lymph nodes cervicales profundi close collecting lymph vessels Colon common iliac CONTRAST deep deep cervical drain efferent empty external iliac fascia Femoral follow gland gluteal Gluteus Greater head hepatic iliac artery iliac lymph nodes iliaci communes iliaci externi inferior mesenteric inguinal lymph nodes inguinales superficiales Intercostal intermediate internal iliac nodes internal jugular vein Jejunum lateral laterales latero-aortic Latissimus dorsi muscle ligament Liver located lower lumbar lymph nodes Lung lymph nodes Lnn lymphatic drainage male medial mediastinal lymph nodes mesenteric artery middle muscle 13 neck organs passes pelvic posterior prostate pulmonary rectal rectum Regional lymph nodes renal side subclavian submandibulares superficial inguinal Superior mesenteric surface terminate Topographical Transverse trunk upper Ureter uterus vagina vena cava vertebra Vertebral canal wall