North American Icelandic: The Life of a Language

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Univ. of Manitoba Press, 2006 - Foreign Language Study - 165 pages
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North American Icelandic evolved mainly in Icelandic settlements in Manitoba and North Dakota and is the only version of Icelandic that is not spoken in Iceland. But North American Icelandic is a dying language with few left who speak it.
North American Icelandic is the only book about the nature and development of this variety of Icelandic. It details the social and linguistic constraints of one specific feature of North American Icelandic phonology undergoing change, namely Flamaeli, which is the merger of two sets of front vowels. Although Flamaeli was once a part of traditional Icelandic, it was considered too confusing and was systematically eradicated from the language. But in North America, Flamaeli use spread unchecked, allowing the rare opportunity of viewing the evolution of a dialect from its birth to its impending demi
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Historical Background
13
The Life Cycle of North American Icelandic
35
The North American Icelandic Lexicon
53
Collecting the Data
73
The Grammar of North American Icelandic
87
Perceived Vowel Mergers Identification of the Variables
113
The Spread of Flámæli in North American Icelandic
133
Bibliography
153
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Birna Arnbjörnsdóttir is an Associate Professor in English at the University of Iceland.

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