Northern English Books, Owners, and Makers in the Late Middle Ages
Challenging an earlier view that hand-produced books before the age of print in northern England were few, purely practical, and crudely written and decorated. John B. Friedman seeks to enlighten readers on the value of their true aesthetic sensibility. Using over 200 relatively unknown manuscripts from the area, he reveals an active northern book trade at York and Durham, which served a wide range of gentry, urban bourgeoisie, and ecclesiastical users. No other work on book production and patronage in the North of England at the end of the Middle Ages exists, and only a few studies in general look at the English provincial book trade.
Unlike many aristocratic manuscripts produced in London and typically related to the court or palace, northern manuscripts reflect social and religious changes and regional social currents. Friedman's thesis extends the geographic and class boundaries for the study of late medieval English manuscripts. His work dramatically reveals an unusually broad range of northern books in the mainstream of English taste, books that were used to convey the values of thriving merchants and ecclesiastical figures. In addition to historians and manuscript specialists, this book will have a strong appeal to antiquarians and bibliophiles of the English language.
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Abbey alabaster appears archaizing archbishop arma Christi artists Beverley blue penwork initials Bodleian Library Bolton breviary British Library Cambridge Univ canon carpel Catalogue Christ Chrozophora church colophon color containing copied diocese discussed Doyle Durham Cathedral Durham Priory Ellerker England English manuscript example feasts fifteenth century Floriated border flourished folios folium fourteenth century gold green historiated initials Holy Face horae illuminated interlace medallion James John Kathleen Scott Late Medieval letters Library MS Additional litterae partitae initials Liturgies London M. R. James manu mask face Middle Ages Middle English miniature missal monk motifs Newton manuscript northern books Oxford painting parchment Peterhouse pigment plenus amoris Popultoun Press Psalter red and blue Register Richard Robert Rotherham S.XIV S.XV Saint scribe script Scrope Speculum Stiphel Studies style Super Thomas Thomas Langley Trinity College William wounds written York kalendar York Minster York Minster Library Yorkshire