Norway: Elites on Trial
Norway is by history and culture very much a Scandinavian nation with its own unique profile. This book analyzes the factors that have shaped the sociocultural fabric of Norwegian politics. One of the most important themes Heidar analyzes is the power of the periphery, both in social as well as geographic terms. In the geographic sense, Norway is a small nation, and although it has been able to remain economically and politically stable, it is situated on the European flank. It is therefore dependent upon and vulnerable to external economic and political developments. In critical periods of its history, Norway’s size has made it an object rather than an initiator of change. In the social sense, Norway has existed as a “periphery nation”. It is this multi-dimensional center-periphery situation that has been crucial in shaping institutional structures and practices. Another theme that Heidar explores is Norway’s enduring egalitarian culture. This book focuses on the primacy of politics in Norway and the role played by the nineteenth-century peasant movement and the twentieth-century labor movement in shaping modern Norway. Today, political and cultural traditions are challenged by the force of globalization. Norway is defined as a stable, parliamentary, multiparty system with a social democratic tradition. It was named a Choice Outstanding Academic Book of 2001.
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active areas became Center Party center-right central century Chapter Christian People's Party cleavage coalition committee Conservative constitution cooperation countries created culture debate decisionmaking decisions decline democracy early economic EEA agreement EFTA electoral elites employment environmental European Economic Area European Union export foreign policy gender equality Henry Valen important increased increasingly industry institutions issues Knut Heidar Labor government Labor Party liberal major membership ment movement municipal Nordic Nordic countries Norges Norsk North Norway Norway's Norwegian economy Norwegian government Norwegian politics organizations Oslo parliament parliamentary particular percent political parties politicians politikk pollution postwar prime minister Progress Party public policies referendum Sami sector social democratic Socialist Left Party Socialist People's Party Sørbø Statistics Norway Statoil Stein Kuhnle Stein Rokkan Storting Stortinget strong Tano tion tional trade union traditional Tranøy Universitetsforlaget utenrikspolitikk vote welfare women World