Not Eating Enough: Overcoming Underconsumption of Military Operational Rations
National Academies Press, Sep 15, 1995 - Medical - 483 pages
Eating enough food to meet nutritional needs and maintain good health and good performance in all aspects of life--both at home and on the job--is important for all of us throughout our lives. For military personnel, however, this presents a special challenge. Although soldiers typically have a number of options for eating when stationed on a base, in the field during missions their meals come in the form of operational rations. Unfortunately, military personnel in training and field operations often do not eat their rations in the amounts needed to ensure that they meet their energy and nutrient requirements and consequently lose weight and potentially risk loss of effectiveness both in physical and cognitive performance. This book contains 20 chapters by military and nonmilitary scientists from such fields as food science, food marketing and engineering, nutrition, physiology, psychology, and various medical specialties. Although described within a context of military tasks, the committee's conclusions and recommendations have wide-reaching implications for people who find that job-related stress changes their eating habits.
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Conclusions and Recommendations
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION TO THE TOPIC
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anorexia nervosa Appetite Army Natick Research Army Research Institute Baker-Fulco Behav behavior beverages body weight loss calories carbohydrate Cardello Castro changes Chapter Chronobiology Clin CMNR cognitive performance combat commanders consumed Development and Engineering diet E.W. Askew eaten eating disorders EDWARD HIRSCH effects energy deficit energy expenditure energy intake Engell Engineering Center environment Environmental Medicine evaluation factors field feeding food acceptance Food and Nutrition food consumption food intake Franz Halberg Friedl Halberg hedonic Hirsch humans increase individual influence Institute of Environmental kcal kcal/d Kramer Mass meal menus metabolic Military Nutrition Research military operational rations military rations MRDAs National Academy Press NRDEC Nutr Nutrition Board obese packaging percent physical performance Physiol Popper protein Psychol ratings ration consumption Ready-to-Eat Ready-to-Eat MRE Recommended Dietary Allowances satiety social facilitation soldiers subjects Technical Report troops U.S. Army Natick U.S. Army Research U.S. Department underconsumption Washington weight loss