Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century: World Nuclear University Press

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Academic Press, Jul 28, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 168 pages
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The onset of the 21st century has coincided with mounting scientific evidence of the severe environmental impact of global energy consumption. In response, governments and environmentalists on every continent have begun to re-evaluate the benefits of nuclear power as a clean, non-emitting energy resource. Today nuclear power plants operate in some 30 countries, and nuclear energy has become a safe and reliable source of one-sixth of the world’s electricity. This base has the potential to be expanded widely as part of a worldwide clean-energy revolution.

Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century is an authoritative resource for educators, students, policy-makers and interested lay-people. This balanced and accessible text provides:

* An inroad into nuclear science for the non-specialist
* A valuable account of many aspects of nuclear technology, including industry applications
* Answers to public concerns about safety, proliferation, and waste management
* Up-to-date data and references

This edition comes with a Foreword by Dr. Patrick Moore, co-founder of Greenpeace, which attests to today’s worldwide re-evaluation of nuclear power.

The World Nuclear University (WNU) is a global partnership of industry, inter-governmental, and academic institutions committed to enhancing education in nuclear science and technology. WNU partners include the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO), the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the OECD, and the World Nuclear Association (WNA). With a secretariat staffed by government-sponsored secondees, the London-based WNU Coordinating Centre fosters a diversity of collaborative projects to strengthen nuclear education and rebuild future leadership in nuclear science and technology.

· Global in perspective and rich in data
· Draws on the intellectual resources of the World Nuclear Association
· Includes Physics of uranium; uranium enrichment; waste management
· Provides technical perspective with an understanding of environmental issues
 

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Contents

Foreword
4
Introduction
7
Chapter 1 Energy use
11
Chapter 2 Electricity today and tomorrow
21
Chapter 3 Nuclear power
37
Chapter 4 The front end of the nuclear fuel cycle
55
Chapter 5 The back end of the nuclear fuel cycle
75
Chapter 6 Other nuclear energy applications
93
Chapter 7 Environment health and safety issues
111
Chapter 8 Avoiding weapons proliferation
127
Chapter 9 History of nuclear energy
139
Appendices
152
Glossary
161
Index
167
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Page 161 - Commission recommends a system of dose limitation, the main features of which are as follows: (a) no practice shall be adopted unless its introduction produces a positive net benefit; (b) all exposures shall be kept as low as reasonably achievable, economic and social factors being taken into account...
Page 163 - Fission. The splitting of a heavy nucleus into two approximately equal parts (which are nuclei of lighter elements), accompanied by the release of a relatively large amount of energy and generally one or more neutrons. Fission can occur spontaneously, but usually is caused by nuclear absorption of gamma rays, neutrons, or other particles. Fission Products. The nuclei (fission fragments) formed by the fission of heavy elements, plus the nuclides formed by the fission fragments...
Page 165 - A reactor in which the fission chain reaction is sustained primarily by fast neutrons rather than by slow (thermal) or intermediate neutrons. Fast reactors contain little or no moderator to slow down the neutrons from the speeds at which they are ejected from fissioning nuclei.

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