Nuclear wastes in the Arctic : an analysis of Arctic and other regional impacts from Soviet nuclear contamination.
DIANE Publishing, 1995 - Radioactive waste disposal - 248 pages
This report examines the environmental and human health impacts from wastes dumped into the Arctic and North Pacific regions, from nuclear contaminants discharged into these environments, and from radioactive releases from both past and future nuclear activities in the region. The report presents what is known and unknown about this waste and contamination and how it may affect public health. Because so many factors are involved and science cannot provide absolute answers to many questions, this study emphasizes the need for care, caution, awareness, and prudence. It also stresses the need for a stable and enduring institutional framework and international cooperation for long term observation and monitoring.
accident activities Alaska ANWAP Arctic and North Arctic Contamination Arctic Nuclear Waste Arctic Ocean Arctic Research Policy Arctic Seas areas Atomflot Bilibino Commission Committee cooperation decommissioned Department of Energy dose dump sites efforts Environmental Protection estimate exposure former Soviet Union fuel assemblies funding IAEA IARPC icebreaker impacts Institute International Arctic Kara Sea Kola Kola Peninsula marine Mayak ment MINATOM models monitoring Murmansk National Naval Research North Pacific Northern Fleet Norway Novaya Zemlya nuclear contamination nuclear power plants nuclear safety nuclear submarines Nuclear Waste Nuclear Waste Assessment Ocean Office of Technology operations Pacific Fleet pollutants potential problems radiation radioactive contamination radioactive waste radionuclides refueling region releases reprocessing rivers Russian Federation Russian nuclear sediment Sellafield service ships Severodvinsk sources Soviet Union spent fuel spent nuclear fuel submarine reactors Technology Assessment tion transport U.S. Department United Waste Assessment Program waste dumping waste management Yablokov report Yenisey River
Page 237 - $400,000,000 to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, $10,000,000 shall be made available only for the continuing study, assessment, and identification of nuclear waste disposal by the former Soviet Union in the Arctic and North Pacific regions.
Page 202 - contracting Parties shall individually and collectively promote the effective control of all sources of pollution of the marine environment, and pledge themselves especially to take all practicable steps to prevent the pollution of the sea by the dumping of waste and other matter that is liable to create hazards to human health, to harm living resources and marine life, to damage amenities or to interfere with other legitimate uses of the sea.
Page 181 - the Department of Energy (DOE), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the national
Page 191 - of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Research on Radiation Effects for the Purpose of Minimizing the Consequences of Radioactive Contamination on Health and the Environment,
Page 235 - Rem (Rad Equivalent Man). Unit of dose equivalent. The dose equivalent in "rem" is numerically equal to the absorbed dose in "rad" multiplied by necessary modifying factors.
Page 155 - The World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the International Energy Agency
Page 82 - is the time required for it to lose 50 percent of its activity by decay. Each radionuclide has a unique half-life.
Page 26 - Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Radioactive and Other Environmental Threats to the United States and the Arctic Resulting from Past Soviet Activities,