Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health

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Royal Society of Chemistry, 2003 - Health & Fitness - 755 pages
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Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health provides an in-depth review of the role of diet in the development and maintenance of bone health throughout the lifecycle, and prevention of osteoporosis in later life. The book is multi-authored by the world's leading researchers in this area, who have come together to formulate the first ever textbook on nutritional aspects of bone health, and includes the current and cutting edge science underpinning the prevention of bone disease. The book is structured such that, in the first section, an overview is provided on what is meant by the terms bone health and osteoporosis and includes key areas such as epidemiology, genetics and the impact of non-nutritional exogenous factors influencing the skeleton. The second section details the established nutritional factors affecting bone health, namely calcium and vitamin D. Section three focuses on the role of macronutrients and macrominerals in bone health, namely protein, phosphorus, sodium and potassium, including the criticality of acid-base homeostasis to skeletal integrity. Section four addresses the effects of microminerals, trace elements, vitamin K, vitamin A and isoflavones on bone. Section five focuses attention on key issues connected with the influence of diet and anorexia and bulimia on bone health including nutrition and bone growth; nutrient: gene interactions; nutrient: drug interactions; and the final section discusses the effect of diet on reduction of fracture risk; the cost-effectiveness of nutritional supplements; and nutritional strategies for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The book is targeted at a number of key audiences. Whilst there is a focus on the academic research world and those principally involved in education, at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, the book will also be of considerable interest to those participating in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis, namely those working in the medical and health promotion fields. Furthermore, Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health will be of particular interest to the food industry as the popularity of foods designed to target specific health issues increases, and nutritional therapy has a critical role to play in this major public health problem.
 

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Contents

An overview of osteoporosis
1
Epidemiology and public health impact of osteoporosis
13
Nonnutritional risk factors for bone fragility
25
Genetic susceptibility to osteoporosis
37
Rickets osteomalacia and other metabolic bone
65
Assessment of dietary intake and nutritional status
91
an overview
111
Calcium and bone health
129
Vitamin A and fracture risk
369
The influence of food groups upon bone health
403
Soy isoflavones and bone health
421
effects on osteoporosis risk
439
the twin model
451
Nutrientgene interactions influencing the skeleton
463
Nutrition and bone health in the Asian population
497
Nutrition and bone health in middle Eastern
527

loss and in fracture prevention
145
Vitamin D and fracture prevention
175
Protein and skeletal health
193
The influence of phosphorus on the skeleton
229
Sodium effects on bone and calcium metabolism
267
Role of the skeleton in acidbase balance
291
and bone health
313
Dietary vitamin K and skeletal health
323
The role of dietary magnesium deficiency
339
The role of trace elements in osteoporosis
351
Interaction between nutrition physical activity
545
The treatment of osteoporosis and interaction
565
Weight reduction and bone health
589
Clinical Eating Disorders and Subclinical disordered
609
Nutrition and bone health effects of pregnancy
643
Can nutrition alter the population burden
673
Costeffectiveness of nutritional supplements
693
Nutritional strategies for prevention and treatment
709
Subject Index
733
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