OECD reviews of innovation policy: Switzerland
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 147 pages
What are a country's achievements in innovation, and how does this relate to economic performance? What are the major features, strengths and weaknesses of its innovation system? How can government foster innovation? The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies which impact on innovation performance, including R&D policies. Each review identifies good practices from which other countries can learn. Switzerland's innovation performance is among the best in the world. It is the home of strong research-intensive institutions both in the business and the public research sector. However, growth of GDP and productivity has been relatively slow for some time. A number of other countries have been able to develop their innovative capabilities more dynamically. Further raising the level of innovation is of key importance for boosting Switzerland's economic growth and maintaining high living standards in an increasingly globalised world. This review suggests some reforms in innovation policy which would help to cope with this challenge.
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Overall Assessment and Recommendations
Governance and Public Policy
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academic actors agencies applied research Arvanitis and Worter Austria average biotechnology Bologna Process bottom-up budget Bundesrat business sector cantonal cantonal universities challenges Chapter cluster competence centres competition CTI funding economic entrepreneurship EPF Lausanne ERT Message ETH sector ETH Zurich European Commission European Research Area evaluation Federal Department Federal Institute Finland framework conditions graduates growth important industry innovation performance instruments issues million nanotechnologies networks OECD OECD countries organisational output overall patents portfolio position priority setting projects promotion public funding R&D expenditure R&D intensity reform regional research institutions role Schweizerischer Bundesrat Science and Technology scientific services sector share SMEs SNF and CTI strong structures Sweden Swiss firms Swiss innovation policy Swiss innovation system Swiss Science Swiss universities Switzerland Switzerland's innovation SWTR technology and innovation technology transfer tertiary education UAS sector university sector