Oak Ridge National Laboratory: The First Fifty Years

Front Cover
Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1994 - History - 270 pages
0 Reviews
Inaugurated fifty years ago as a key component in the Manhattan Project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory remains one of the nation's premier research institutions. This profusely illustrated volume, written for a non-scientific readership, chronicles the history of the laboratory from its origins to the present day. Leland Johnson and Daniel Schaffer begin their narrative in 1943 when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built ORNL in the hills of East Tennessee to produce plutonium for atomic weapons. After World War II, ORNL became a center for fundamental scientific research under the successive management of the Atomic Energy Commission, the Energy Research and Development Administration, and the Department of Energy. Since 1945, the laboratory's contributions to national defense have been balanced by its investigations in many other areas, including nuclear medicine and environmental research. As the authors demonstrate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory represents the concerns of the American scientific establishment in microcosm. The facility was part of the flourishing of "big science" that began in the 1940s, and the workings of ORNL clearly illustrate the ties between scientific research and military concerns that continued well into the post-World War II era. Now that the Cold War is over, the laboratory's activities have embarked in directions that reveal the nation's new priorities in science, the environment, and technology. Thus this book, by offering a window into the past and present activity at Oak Ridge, allows the reader to glimpse the larger trends within the scientific community.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

Oak Ridge National Laboratory: the first fifty years

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Born as part of the Manhattan Project, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1993. Johnson, former director of the Clio Research Company, and Schaffer, assistant ... Read full review

Contents

HighFlux Years
28
Accelerating Projects
53
Olympian Feats
78
MoltenSalt Reactor
91
Direct Current Experiment
93
Stanley Auerbach Tests Vehicle
100
LowLevel Waste Burial
102
Balancing Act
106
Howard Adler
159
Impurities Studies Experiments
169
Richard Wood Rosa Young and Jagdish Narayan Test Cells
175
Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research
180
National SmallAngle Scattering Facility
181
Diversity and Sharing
183
Tritium Lights at Alaska Airfield
187
Charles Scott and Charles Hancher at Bioreactor
197

Desalination Pilot Plant
108
Tests of GeMSAEC Analyzer
111
Power Sources for Space Probes
120
Stanley Auerbach and Cesium137Tagged Sand
122
Responding to Social Needs
128
HighFlux Isotope Reactor
130
Larry Robinson and Frank Dyer examine a hair sample from President Zachary Taylor
133
Experimental GasCooled Reactor
134
Testing Machine for LiquidMetal Fast Breeder Reactor
135
AEC Chairman Glenn Seaborg at MoltenSalt Reactor
136
ELMO Bumpy Torus
140
ORMAK Interior
141
Carolyn Young Studies Environmental Effects of Bull Run Plant
146
Floyd Culler
153
Energy Technologies
157
Robot Delivers Text to Director Herman Postma
201
Tests of the HighFlux Isotope Reactors Vessel
203
Global Outreach
205
Alvin Trivelpiece
210
Computer Science Research Facility
212
Albert Young Starts GelCasting Process for Ceramic Production
214
David Shriner Examines Acid Rain Effects
217
Advanced Toroidal Facility Construction
222
Richard Woychik Injects DNA into Mouse Eggs
226
Vehicle for Mapping Waste Sites
227
Mike Guerin and Mark Wise at Mass Spectrometer
231
Architectural Rendering of Proposed Advanced Neutron Source
234
Laboratory Hosts Elementary School Children
238
View of the Modern ORNL
239
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 274 - These studies have been funded by the Atomic Energy Commission, the Energy Research and Development Administration, and the Department of Energy.

References to this book

Bibliographic information