Oak Ridge National Laboratory: The First Fifty Years

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University of Tennessee Press, 1994 - Science - 270 pages
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Inaugurated fifty years ago as a key component in the Manhattan Project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory remains one of the nation's premier research institutions. This profusely illustrated volume, written for a non-scientific readership, chronicles the history of the laboratory from its origins to the present day.
Leland Johnson and Daniel Schaffer begin their narrative in 1943 when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built ORNL in the hills of East Tennessee to produce plutonium for atomic weapons. After World War II, ORNL became a center for fundamental scientific research under the successive management of the Atomic Energy Commission, the Energy Research and Development Administration, and the Department of Energy. Since 1945, the laboratory's contributions to national defense have been balanced by its investigations in many other areas, including nuclear medicine and environmental research.
As the authors demonstrate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory represents the concerns of the American scientific establishment in microcosm. The facility was part of the flourishing of "big science" that began in the 1940s, and the workings of ORNL clearly illustrate the ties between scientific research and military concerns that continued well into the post-World War II era. Now that the Cold War is over, the laboratory's activities have embarked in directions that reveal the nation's new priorities in science, the environment, and technology. Thus this book, by offering a window into the past and present activity at Oak Ridge, allows the reader to glimpse the larger trends within the scientific community.

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Oak Ridge National Laboratory: the first fifty years

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Born as part of the Manhattan Project, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1993. Johnson, former director of the Clio Research Company, and Schaffer, assistant ... Read full review

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About the author (1994)

Daniel Schaffer is the public information officer for the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics and the Third World Academy of Sciences. He was previously employed as director of communications at the University of Tennessee's Energy, Environment and Resources Center and as a writer and editor for the Tennessee Valley Authority. He has written on science and technology issues both in the developed and developing world for more than 15 years and was the Editor-in-Chief of Forum, a science policy journal published jointly by the University of Tennessee. TVA and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He has published scholarly books with Johns Hopkins University Press, Temple University Press and the University of Tennessee Press, and has written and produced television documentaries on science and public health issues that have aired on public television stations across the United States. He holds a Ph.D. in History from Rutgers University, USA.

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