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agency America amongst archipelagoes Barringtonia beach beach-plants botanist Bruguiera buoyant seeds Caesalpinia bonducella capacity for dispersal Cerbera Odollam Chapter coast Compositae connection Convolvulus soldanella Coprosma dispersal by currents distribution drift drupes elevations endemic genera endemic species Entada scandens estuaries feet Fiji Fijian floating power forests fresh water frugivorous frugivorous birds genera genus germination Hawaii Hawaiian Islands Hillebrand inch indicated inland flora inland plants inland species Ipomea pes caprae latitudes littoral flora littoral plants littoral species Lobeliaceae Malayan mangrove-swamp mangroves mode of dispersal Mucuna Nertera Note observed occur ocean Old World Pacific islands Pandanus peculiar species plants with buoyant Polynesia possess probably Rarotonga regarded remarks Rhizophora mangle river Samoa Schimper sea-water seed-drift seedlings seeds and fruits seeds or fruits Seemann Selala shore shore-plants sink Sophora South Pacific speciosa station strand-flora stranded Tahiti Tahitian Tahitian region Tonga trees tropical Pacific Vanua Levu vivipary Western Pacific whilst Zealand
Page 29 - In relation to the occurrence of plants with buoyant seeds and fruits in water-side stations, he writes, "there are gathered at the margins of rivers and ponds, as well as at the sea-border, most of the British plants that could be assisted in the distribution of their seeds by the agency of water. This great sifting experiment has been the work of the ages, and we here get a glimpse at Nature in the act of selecting a station.
Page 319 - The variations affect every part of the plant, and branch out and intercross each other in manifold ways to such an extent that it is next to impossible to define exact limits of species."19 The evolutionary status of our species is closely .analogous to that of the native lobelias.
Page 523 - With the secular drying of the globe and the consequent differentiation of climate is to be connected the suspension to a great extent of the agency of birds as plant dispensers in later ages, not only in the Pacific Islands but all over the tropics.
Page 66 - ... tropical shores of Asia, east of the Ganges, and in the Indian Archipelago, where it abounds ; and there is no question as to its great antiquity in this region. Now the Nipa Palm, as it is sometimes termed, has attempted to reach Polynesia by two routes from the Indian Archipelago, viz., by Melanesia and Micronesia. Along the first route it has in the course of ages reached the Solomon Islands, where I found it in 1884. Along the second route it has extended its range to Ualan or Kusaie, at...
Page 415 - ... Indonesia was the bleeding of sap for making alcohol, a beverage entirely unknown in Polynesia and America until the arrival of Europeans. At the turn of the century a natural transPacific dispersal of the coconut was considered as an adequate solution among many botanists. Guppy wrote in 1906: 'It is ... to be inferred that it came originally from the home of the genus in America, perhaps as a gift brought by the Equatorial Current from the New World to Asia
Page 522 - The area of active dispersion, as illustrated by the non-endemic genera, at first comprised the whole of the tropical Pacific. It was afterwards restricted to the South Pacific, and finally to the Western Pacific only. The birds that carried seeds all over this ocean became more and more restricted in their ranges, probably on account of increasing diversity of climatic conditions.
Page 349 - ... float after remaining 42 days in sea-water: of those experimented on, five or six were sown out and one germinated. The spiny and glutinous seeds of the Pisonia, according to Forbes, often prove fatal to the herons and boobies that nest in the branches. Hence, as he observes, " it is easy to perceive how widely this tree might be disseminated by the birds that roost on it.
Page 588 - ... in sleeplessness, general lassitude and loss of appetite, most of which symptoms were attributed to the great lack of moisture in the air, for when a short spell of damp weather intervened, most of the unpleasant symptoms disappeared. An interesting phenomenon was observed every morning and evening. For about twenty minutes after sunrise and before sunset the shadow of the mountain was thrown back against the sky of the opposite horizon. It seemed as if some...
Page xvii - Expériences sur des Graines de diverses Espèces plongées dans de l'eau de Mer,
Page 302 - The questions, indeed, that affect the Dammaras of Fiji and the Western Pacific far ante-date any questions concerning a previous continental condition of those regions. The attitude of the palseobotanist to such questions would probably be one of indifference: yet to the student of plant-distribution they are of prime importance; and nolens volens we must admit that Dammara may well be cited in support of any continental hypothesis affecting the Western Pacific.