## Observing Systems |

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A fundamental book.

It represents the evolution from the original cybernetics of complex machines (observed systems) to the Second-Order Cybernetics, the one of the "observing systems", e.g. the human living systems.

Among the book's key concepts, the distinction between "banal and non-banal machines" and the fact that "human communication belongs more to the domain of ethics and love rather than of the ones of logic, mathematics or cybernetics".

Unmissable.

### Contents

PARTI | 75 |

On SelfOrganizing Systems and Their Environments 1 | 90 |

y Time and Memory | 140 |

Copyright | |

8 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

action function activity associated assume behavior brain cells Clearly cognitive concepts connection Consequently consider COORD course Cybernetics defined demon density effectors Eigenvalues elementary elements entropy environment equation equivalent example expression fibers finite state machine formalism func genetic give given HEINZ VON FOERSTER Hence inhibitory input instance interaction internal invariant layer learning linear living organisms log2 logical function mathematical matrix Maturana Maxwell's Demon McCulloch measure measure function mechanisms memory ment molecular molecules n-sequence nets neural neuron Neurophysiology objects observed operational modalities output potential energy principle probability distribution problem processes properties proposition pulse question receptor recursive reference relation representation represents response Science self-organizing system semantic sensory sequence single stimulus structure suggested surface symbols synaptic tesselations theory threshold tion transfer function trivial machine uncertainty University of Illinois values variables various words York