Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries in Italy
CEDEFOP-European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 1992 - Chemical industry - 70 pages
This report provides an initial analysis of the occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the Italian metal and chemical industries. The first two chapters review the legislative background, situation in industry, and provision of environmental education and training. The third chapter presents results of a survey of 10 firms to identify occupations associated with environmental protection and to determine their characteristics. Summaries are provided of an analysis of responses from seven companies in the chemical industry and three in the metal and iron and steel industries. Each case study includes the following: a narrative summary; a chart indicating occupation, percent of working time devoted to environmental activities, and qualifications; and a table that summarizes the principal characteristics of the occupations and indicates the principal tasks, skills, and training requirements. The fourth chapter sets forth conclusions. It identifies "groups of activities" and lists the related tasks for each group. An analysis of occupations groups them into three types: managerial, technical, and operational. A table illustrates criteria for the description and classification of the occupations. Then, the occupations identified in the case studies are classified on the basis of these analyses. A list of the occupations indicates the degree to which each can be assigned to one of the three types. The survey instrument is appended. (YLB)
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activities 0ccupation Qualifications activities concern acts in accordance Alessandria and|or chemical industries classified COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT cooperative type coordination devoted to environmental Ecology 0ffice Ecology Department EDUCATION AND TRAINING Effluent plant emissions environmental activities 0ccupation environmental protection departments firm hazards health and safety hold upper secondary Italian knowledge maintenance technician managerial Manufacture metal and chemical occupational and qualification OCCUPATIONS UNDER COLLECTIVE operational organizational personnel Plant and maintenance post-holder acts production processes province of Turin provisions public authorities qualification structures qualifications are required recurrent related tasks relating to technical require deciphering safety and environmental secondary school certificate secondary school qualifications secondary technical school sector Seveso Directive sulphur dioxide technical and scientific technical school certificate technical specialized technologies tonnes trades technical school University of Bologna University of Genoa upper secondary school upper secondary technical variables are technical Vocational training waste disposal waste products