Ocean thermal energy conversion
This text presents the scientific principles and developmental potential of ocean energy resources. It discusses the key factors of OTEC systems, as well as co-products, plus the possible mitigation of global warming with the absorption of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Concludes with an overview of the economic viability, market potential and capital cost estimates. Specific questions and answers are set at the end of each section.
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Ocean Energy Technology
Economics and Externalities
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2T heat engine air-conditioning ammonia basin Carnot closed-cycle OTEC closed-cycle system cold seawater Cold water pipe commercial components compressor construction conventional cost of electricity current energy deep ocean water density desalinated water devices diameter discharge economic effects efficiency electrical power entropy environment environmental EPRI extract energy Figure flash evaporator fluid fresh water production gases Gulf Stream Hawaii heat exchanger heat transfer hybrid-cycle inlet installation internal energy isentropic island Land-based 2nd Stage law of thermodynamics liquid locations mariculture marine mass megawatts meters ocean current ocean energy ocean energy systems ocean thermal energy open-cycle OTEC plants operation output performance PICHTR potential powerplant pressure drop proposed Rankine cycle renewable energy result seawater pumping second law semi-permeable membrane steam surface condenser temperature difference thermal energy conversion thermal resource thermal sink tidal energy tidal energy extraction tidal power velocity warm seawater warm surface seawater Warm water wave energy systems wave power