Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents

Front Cover
Warren M. Washington, Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, was among the first scientists to pioneer the development of climate models that are used for evaluation of humankind's impact on the global environment. His modeling work has helped understand climate change including global warming. Over the last 30 years, he has had Presidential Appointments under the Carter, Reagan, Clinton, and G.W. Bush administrations and he has served on many science committees and the including National Science Board, which he chaired from 2002 to 2006. He is a former President of the American Meteorological Society and a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the American Philosophical Society. This autobiography provides information about how he became a scientist and his insights into science policy. Throughout the book, footnotes and internet web sites are used were more information is provided.
 

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Contents

My Roots Family History and Childhood
1
The Struggle for Civil Rights in Oregon
11
Becoming Really Interested in Science
17
Leaving the Nest and Becoming a College Student
21
My Start in Atmospheric Computer Modeling
27
On to the Pennsylvania State University Nittany Lion Campus
31
Early Computer Modeling at the National Center for Atmospheric Research
37
Very Early Concerns about Global Warming
51
Differences Exist but Good Will also Exists
142
Member and Chair of the National Science Board
146
Searching for the Second National Science Foundation Criteria for Funding
156
The Paleoclimatologist and Speaker of the House of Representatives
158
Investment in Education
162
My Trip to Antarctica
163
To the Top of Greenland
173
Chairing the National Science Board
176

Early Climate Model Developments at NCAR
55
Building Increasingly Better Climate Models
59
Writing a Textbook on Climate Modeling with Claire Parkinson
64
More Recent Model Climate Change Results
67
Mitigation Adaptation and Geoengineering
74
Climate Change Simulations of the 20th 21st and 22nd Centuries
78
Global Climate Change Politics and Science Do Mix
88
The Saga of the Greenhouse Effect and the George H W Bush White House
91
John Sununu
98
Briefing Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher on Climate Change
101
A Profile in Understanding and Advocacy
103
Eventually the United States will Join the World
107
My Broader Role as a Scientist
116
An Inside Glimpse
122
A First
125
The National Academy of Engineering NAE and National Academies Portrait Collection of African Americans in Science Engineering and Medicine
127
Helping Open the Window to Chinas Atmospheric Science
128
Refusing an Award from the South African Society for Atmospheric Sciences
129
A Class Act
130
An Attempt
133
There is Hope for Our Black Youth
134
Examples of Success
135
Presidents William Clintons and George W Bushs Commitment to the Oceans
137
White House Millennium Matinee
140
A Promise of Doubling NSFs Budget
184
Changes in the Educational System
190
How to Attract Underrepresented Minorities to Science and Associated Problems
191
Civil Discourse and Fundamental Rights
200
Science and Congressional Governance
202
A Provider to the National Economy and Well Being
203
The Challenge to the Scientific Method
205
Losing Research Opportunities and the Growing Proposal Lottery
210
A Bad Idea
211
Honored by Peers
213
Reed College Vollum Award
216
Honorary Doctorate and Commencement Speaker at Oregon State University
218
The Warren Washington Symposium
221
An Honorary Doctorate and Commencement Speaker at Bates College
223
Sharing the Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore
224
Conclusions A Bleak Future is in Store if We Ignore the Warnings
226
Acronyms
234
Family Member Photographs
238
The First Black PhD in Meteorology Charles E Anderson
244
A Typical Testimony before the Congress
246
The Vollum Award from Reed College
261
Summary of the National Science Board Accomplishments from 20022006
263
Index
273
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